Baltimore Oriole squads won exhibition games at two sites yesterday, 4-2 over the Houston Astros in Miami and 8-1 over the New York Yankees at Fort Lauderdale, Fla., and cut nine players to reduce the spring roster to 30.

Jim Palmer stopped New York on two hits and no walks through seven innings, striking out four. After the defeat, his club's 10th in 13 exhibitions, Yankee owner George Steinbrenner ordered an unscheduled Monday morning workout for the American League champions.

Steinbrenner said he thought his team showed no life, so today, "We will have a lively morning."

Third baseman Tucker Ashford irked the owner with two errors, leading to three unearned Baltimore runs off Rudy May. Ashford came in after Graig Nettles bruised his leg with a foul ball, and lost ground to Barry Evans in the competition for a reserve spot behind Nettles.

Home runs by Eddie Murray and nonroster players Mike Young and LaRue Washington smoothed Palmer's path.

At the Orioles' home camp, Dan Ford hit a two-run homer off Nolan Ryan and Dan Graham had three hits. Al Ramirez, rookie right-hander making a strong bid to make the roster, won. He limited the Astros to three hits in five innings.

Veteran Dave Ford gave up a home run to Houston's Harry Spilman in the ninth, then was optioned to Rochester, along with pitchers Mike Boddicker, Brooks Carey and Don Welchel; catchers Willie Royster and John Stefero, and outfielders Drungo Hazewood, John Shelby and Dallas Williams.