The Atlantic Coast Conference has voted to put Clemson University's football program on two years probation for violating recruiting rules, according to sources.

The sanctions, independent of any that might be taken by the NCAA, include the loss of conference television revenues in football both years. Clemson is the defending national champion.

The ACC also has recommended that the NCAA place Clemson on two years probation, it was learned.

It could not be determined if there were any other sanctions proposed by the ACC, whose faculty representatives decided the action last month. But the loss of television revenues for two years alone could cost Clemson more than $1 million, depending on its success and that of the other seven ACC teams.

The penalties proposed by the ACC are subject to appeal to the league's executive committee, which has four voting members, according to the ACC constitution. Since one of them is B.J. Skelton of Clemson, ACC President Bill Bradford of Duke would name another faculty representative to replace him in case of an appeal. The other voting members of the executive committee are Bill Sangster of Georgia Tech and Charles Taff of Maryland.

It was unclear last night when the ACC sanctions would begin.

Reached in St. Louis where he is attending a meeting of university presidents, Bill Lee Atchley, Clemson's president, said last night that he has received a report from the ACC of its proposed sanctions. But he said he would not discuss details. Asked whether he had appealed or planned to appeal the ACC sanctions, Atchley was noncommittal, saying, "We will appeal anything we think is unfair or unjust."

In 1975, Clemson's basketball team was placed on three years probation by the NCAA and its football team received a reprimand for violating NCAA recruiting rules.

The ACC action was decided even before the NCAA Committee on Infractions met in a Chicago suburb last month to hear its case against Clemson. After more than 1 1/2 years of investigation, the NCAA charged Clemson with more than 150 violations, according to a source who has read both the NCAA charges and Clemson's reply to them.

According to published reports, the NCAA Committee on Infractions determined Clemson's fate on Oct. 31, the day after the hearing. It usually takes seven to 10 days for a university to receive the confidential report of the NCAA decision. If there are violations, the school then has 15 days from that date in which to appeal to the NCAA Council. The council's next meeting is during the NCAA convention in San Diego in January.

Atchley said last night he has not received the NCAA's confidential report.

One source said that when a conference shows it is taking "corrective and remedial action" against one of its members, then it is rare for the NCAA Committee on Infractions to impose more than a two-year probation. David Berst, NCAA director of enforcement, declined comment, saying it is NCAA policy that he cannot confirm or deny any details surrounding the Clemson case.

Clemson has shared with other ACC members almost $3 million in television and bowl revenues in the calendar year 1982 alone.

Clemson was paid $1.6 million for playing in the Orange Bowl, about $650,000 for its national television appearance against Georgia and about $350,000 for its regional television appearance against Boston College and will get approximately $350,000 for Saturday's regional appearance against Maryland.