The University of Maryland announced the signing of 23 recruits, 10 from within the state, for its football team yesterday. Among them was running back Tommy Neal of Magruder, The Washington Post offensive player of the year.

Neal, 5 feet 10 and 185 pounds, chose Maryland over Pitt, Ohio State, West Virginia and North Carolina. Maryland signed several other instate all-Met players, including Oxon Hill linebacker O'Brien Alston, Northwood linebacker Terry Burke and Potomac receiver James Milling.

Also signing with Maryland were two of the best players in the Baltimore area: defensive end David Amend of Archbishop Curley, one of the most highly recruited players in the nation, and fullback Richard Shure from Calvert Hall, who turned down Nebraska and Clemson.

Coach Bobby Ross, in his first year of recruiting at Maryland, signed two players from Virginia, including Madison linebacker Richie Petitbon Jr., son of the Redskins' assistant coach; three from New Jersey, five from Pennsylvania and two from New York.

Several of the best local players reportedly have signed with other schools. Norris Davis, a wide receiver from South Lakes, is headed for North Carolina and Anthony Lyde, the 6-7 guard from Woodson, is set to attend Pitt.

Howard University announced that H.D. Woodson all-Met quarterback Kenny Jones was among 15 players signing yesterday.

Among the others who signed were defensive end Ronald Walker of Ballou, Carroll guard Anthony Ratcliff, De Matha defensive back Conrad Austin, Rockville wide receiver Tim Jackson, Suitland running back Tyrone Johnson and Largo running back Doug Dickerson.

All-Met players who signed with other schools were Richard Montgomery end-linebacker Joel Freeze with North Carolina; Churchill defensive back Travis Curtis with West Virginia; De Matha quarterback Erik Chapman, W.T. Woodson running back Sean Donnelly, Herndon defensive end Chris Forrest and Carroll defensive end Al Wiley with Virginia Tech, and St. Alban's wide receiver Eric Anderson with Northwestern. MARYLAND SIGNEES National Letter of Intent

LB O'Brien Alston, Oxon Hill; DL David Amend, Archbishop Curley (Baltimore); DL Bob Arnold, Wyncote, Pa.; RB Alvin Blount, Eleanor Roosevelt; LB Darrell Booker, Willinboro, N.J.; OL-DL Tim Borcky, Trainer, Pa.; LB Terry Burke, Northwood; WR-RB Bryant Covington, Danville, Va.; LB Lou Dainty, King of Prussia, Pa.; FB-LB Doug Dragan, Beaver, Pa.; DL Duane Dunham, Gaithersburg; TE-DL Joe Giuliano, Dobbs Ferry, N.Y.; OL Bill Hughes, Saddle Brook, N.J.; DL Robert Klein, Frederick, Md.; WR James Milling, Potomac (Md.); RB Tommy Neal, Magruder; OL John Perna, Maplewood, N.J.; LB Richard Petitbon, Madison; WR Azizuddin Abdur-Ra'oof, Northeast; TE James Shaljian, Coram, N.Y.; RB Richard Shure, Calvert Hall (Balt.); OL John Sorna, McKeesport, Pa.; DB Dan Swingle, Seneca Valley. HOWARD SIGNEES

Offensive tackle Calvert Thomas and running back LawrenceMcCrea of City College of Baltimore, defensive end Ronald Walker of Ballou, defensive end Wayne Carter of Old Mill, running back Eric Green of Keyser, W.Va., defensive end Charles Haywood of Washington, Pa., defensive back Dennis Burrell and running back Curtis Stokes of Baltimore Poly Tech, guard Anthony Ratcliff of Carroll, running back Artie Marine of Cambridge, defensive back Conrad Austin of De Matha, wide receiver Tim Jackson of Rockville, running back Tyrone Johnson of Suitland , running back Frankie Hall of Richmond Academy (Ga.) and running back Doug Dickerson of Largo.