Dick Dull, athletic director at the University of Maryland, said yesterday the school has not done as good a job as it should of educating its athletes and suggested that one way of improving it would be to ban freshmen from practicing for or competing in intercollegiate athletics.

In reply to a question, Dull also said that the university's reputation has been "tainted" because of the publicity surrounding the disciplinary case of basketball player Herman Veal and allegations regarding Coach Lefty Driesell's role after Veal's appeals process was exhausted.

The chancellor's office at College Park is expected to have in place today the review process for looking into a complaint by a female student that Driesell telephoned her and tried to pressure her into dropping a complaint to the student judicial office that Veal tried to force sexual attentions on her.

Of the Veal/Driesell case, Dull said: "It's forced us back a couple of steps . . . But I've always believed you can turn negatives into positives."

As far as ending freshman eligibility, Dull said: "There's a great problem of adjusting. Freshmen come in and they're on the football field for a month before they go in the classroom."

He said that an athlete should have only three years of eligibility after the freshman year. That was the rule in football and basketball until the 1972-73 season.

However, he does not want freshman teams revived. He says the 20-30 hours a week spent in practice and team meetings, not the two or three games a week they play in basketball, is what makes it difficult for them to adjust academically.

Asked if he felt Maryland's athletes were receiving a significant education, Dull said: "We're making progress. But we haven't achieved what I want to achieve--that anyone who wants an education can get a degree . . . We're not there yet. But nobody (any other university) can say they're there, either."

According to a report prepared for the university's Board of Regents, 24 of 122 incoming freshman athletes last fall would not have qualified for freshman eligibility under Proposition 48, the new NCAA rule requiring a minimum score of 700 on the Scholastic Aptitude Test and a 2.0 (out of 4.0) grade-point average in a core curriculum of 11 academic subjects in high school.

The report was not broken down by sports, according to Tim Gilmour, executive assistant to campus Chancellor John B. Slaughter.

Dull said that Maryland would have no problem qualifying its athletes under Proposition 48, because football Coach Bobby Ross has declined to offer scholarships to some players because of their low scores on College Boards. Dull said that it is Ross' aim to have football players who also want an education.

"That has not been the case here before," Dull said.

Dull said that the athletic department has implemented quality-control procedures over its athletes' academic pursuits. For the first time this year, the department is monitoring classroom attendance. "In the past," Dull said, "we didn't even know who some of their instructors were."

Dull also said that the curriculum of the athletes was being monitored to make sure they are taking courses that will result in a degree, and not just continued eligibility.

Proposition 48 is scheduled to become effective in August 1986, but many college officials expect it to be modified, especially the test score portion, which is argued as being culturally biased against blacks and others from poor or rural backgrounds.

"If the NCAA is on the level," Dull said, "it will not allow freshmen to compete or practice on an organized level."

Dull said he voted against Proposition 48 at the NCAA convention in January because he felt the test score portion of the rule was discriminatory.

"College Boards are a lazy man's way. You never have to ask a question," Dull said. "It's an administrator's test. There has to be some flexibility."