Bobby Jones doubled twice and had three RBI to highlight a major league record 12-run 15th inning yesterday in Oakland that gave the surging Texas Rangers a 16-4 triumph over the A's for their 11th victory in 13 games.

The Rangers, who sent 16 men to the plate in the 15th, broke the record of the 1928 New York Yankees and 1969 Minnesota Twins for most runs in an extra inning. The Yankees scored 11 in the 12th inning against the Detroit Tigers on July 26, 1928, and it was equaled by the Twins in the 10th inning on June 21, 1969, against the A's.

Jones' two doubles in an inning tied a major league record held by several players. Jones' three doubles tied a club record and he tied another with his five hits. The 16 runs tied a club record for an extra inning game and the 21 hits in the game was one short of a club record set earlier this year The 12 runs in an inning set another Texas record, as did the time of the game.

"It was an extremely strange game," Larry Biittner understated after the 5 hour 19 minute marathon. "It gets to the point where you just want to get it over with. It kind of humbles you a little."

A's reliever Ben Callahan was shell-shocked after giving up six hits and seven runs in two-thirds of an inning, following the five runs Dave Beard gave up on two hits and three walks. Callahan looked as if he was ready to wave a white flag and surrender on the mound.

"I was just getting madder and madder," he said.

Oakland's Carney Lansford sympathized, noting "everything they hit found a hole."

Bucky Dent walked off losing reliever Dave Beard (2-1) to start the inning and Buddy Bell singled him to second. Both advanced on Larry Parrish's infield out and George Wright was intentionally walked to load the bases. Then Jones, called up from the minor leagues on June 25, doubled over the head of right fielder Gary Hancock to score Dent and Bell and give the Rangers a 6-4 lead.

Wright came home on Beard's wild pitch and, after Bobby Johnson walked, Callahan took over for Oakland. Callahan was greeted by Biittner's RBI single, which scored Jones. After Jim Anderson walked, Mickey Rivers hit a double play ball to Davey Lopes, but the Oakland second baseman threw the ball into left field, allowing two more runs to score.

Dent, batting for the second time in the inning, singled to right to score Anderson and Bell followed with another single, scoring Rivers. Parrish doubled to center to score Dent and Bell.