Eric Robinson, the return specialist for the Washington Federals, was named yesterday to the United States Football League's all-star team.

A graduate of Kennedy High School in Silver Spring and Indiana State, Robinson ran back 21 kicks for a 29-yard average in the league's first season. His 94-yard run against Tampa Bay was the only kickoff to be returned for a touchdown this season.

Other first-teamers, elected by the news media in the league's cities, include quarterback Bobby Hebert, one of 10 players on the first or second teams from the league champion Michigan Panthers, and running backs Kelvin Bryant of the Philadelphia Stars and Herschel Walker of the New Jersey Generals.

Hebert was the USFL's leading passer, completing 257 of 451 attempts for 3,568 yards and a league-high 27 touchdowns. Walker gained a league-high 1,812 yards with a 4.4 average and 17 touchdowns; Bryant rushed for 1,442 yards on 318 carries for a 4.5 average . . .

One of the USFL's expansion teams, the Houston franchise, has said its nickname will be the Gamblers, and the Tulsa-based team will be known as the Oklahoma Outlaws. So, in keeping with the Wild West theme, the San Antonio team has announced it will be known as the Gunslingers, a name chosen from fans' suggestions in a contest. League approval is still needed.