Among veteran NFL players who failed to make their teams' final 49-man rosters yesterday were longtime San Diego linemen Louie Kelcher and Russ Washington, tight end Riley Odoms of Denver, Dallas strong safety Benny Barnes and quarterback Dan Pastorini, trying for a comeback with the Philadelphia Eagles.

In somewhat of a surprise, Coach Bill Parcells of the New York Giants named Scott Brunner starting quarterback ahead of Phil Sims. The Giants dropped veteran place-kicker Joe Danelo and gave the job to rookie Ali Haji-Sheikh.

Faced with a similiar choice, Green Bay kept both 17-year veteran Jan Stenerud and rookie Eddie Garcia.

Roland Harper, a 17th-round draft choice who became the fourth-leading rusher in Chicago Bears history, retired because of a neck injury.

In Pittsburgh, Coach Chuck Noll confirmed that Cliff Stoudt will be the Steelers' starting quarterback for now, because Terry Bradshaw hasn't recovered from elbow surgery.

The Baltimore Colts acquired wide receiver Tracy Porter from Detroit and kicker Raul Allegre from Dallas for draft choices and they cut kicker Dan Miller.

Cincinnati's cuts included four veterans: defensive backs Mike Fuller and John Simmons, offensive linemen Glenn Bujnoch and defensive lineman Mike St. Clair. Fuller, who needs seven punt returns to break Emlen Tunnell's NFL record, had 252 career returns and 17 interceptions in eight seasons.

Miami dropped punter Tom Orosz, but he wasn't out of work long. San Francisco signed him and released barefoot punter Jim Miller, a member of the 49ers' Super Bowl team two years ago. Other Miami cuts included veteran offensive tackle Ronnie Lee and linebacker Steve Potter.

Besides Miller, San Francisco dropped lineman Cody Jones, who had been obtained from the Rams during the NFL draft.

Lineman John Yarno, a six-year regular, was among the Seahawks' cuts. New England cut running back Vagas Ferguson.

Kelcher, a three-time all-pro and one of the most popular Chargers, started 90 of 92 games since being drafted in 1975. He had his best season in 1977 when he had 99 tackles and 11 sacks. Washington, the Chargers' No. 1 draft choice in 1968, played in 200 career games and holds a club record with 178 consecutive starts.

Barnes, an 11-year veteran with Dallas, is best remembered for a controversial interference call in Super Bowl X, when he became entangled with Pittsburgh receiver Lynn Swann. The Steelers went on to score a vital touchdown in their 21-17 victory over the Cowboys.

Barnes, 32, took the news philosophically. "I played the last two years on borrowed time," he said. "My foot (injury) kept me from moving full steam. It was a great career with great memories."

The Eagles put Pastorini and guard Petey Perot on injured reserve and cut cornerback Richard Blackmore and center Mark Slater.