You saw the frustration first on Sabrina Goles' face, then in her passing shots. After losing a tough first set to Wendy Turnbull, 6-4, she had taken a 3-1 lead in the second. Then Turnbull attacked. And Goles, a second-year pro, suddenly seemed to be hitting uphill.

"It's tough if someone's attacking you constantly to keep hitting passing shots," said Turnbull, who won six of the next eight games to beat Goles, 6-4, 7-5, yesterday and advance to the quarterfinals of the Virginia Slims tennis tournament.

Turnbull, 32, who has been among the top 10 money winners in women's tennis since 1977, will meet Zina Garrison, a 21-year-old who joined that elite group just last year.

Garrison took advantage of her superior foot speed yesterday to beat Debbie Spence, 6-2, 6-2. Like Goles, Spence tried to zing shots past her charging opponent from her base line. It was a good strategy when it worked, which was not nearly often enough.

Hana Mandlikova, the second seed in this tournament at George Washington University's Smith Center, advanced to the next round by beating Elizabeth Smylie, 7-5, 6-1, in a match that was superbly played and much closer than the score indicated.

Fifth-seeded Helena Sukova, who was nearly eliminated Tuesday by Melissa Gurney, allowed Bonnie Gadusek to gain a 4-1 advantage in the first set last night before taking control and winning, 7-5, 6-4.

"It's hard for me to say exactly what happened," said a slightly shell-shocked Gadusek. "I'm gonna find out after I talk to my coach."

Spence had a better idea of what she did wrong against Garrison. "I was trying to hit too many winning shots," said Spence, 17, who already has played enough matches against Garrison to last her a career.

"The problem with playing her is that she's steady at the base line but also has a good net game. She's very quick on the court and has a great drop shot. And her forehand is deceptive. You don't know where it's going until it's there.'

In the first match of the day, Kathy Rinaldi and 15th-ranked Pam Casale battered each other with base line shots. Rinaldi, ranked 23rd in the world, upset sixth-seeded Claudia Kohde-Kilsch in her first round match. Yesterday, she achieved a smaller upset in beating Casale, 7-5, 6-4.

If Mandlikova plays as well against Rinaldi, whom she meets Saturday, as she did against Smylie last night, Rinaldi will need some magic to defeat her.

"She just got stronger as she went along," said Smylie, who came back from 3-0 in the first set to tie at 5-5, then pushed a few shots beyond the base line on her final service.

The Turnbull-Garrison match Saturday will be the fourth time they have played one another. Garrison won the last two matches, most recently on Turnbull's home turf at the 1983 Australian Open.

"I respect her game," said Turnbull of Garrison, who plays a similar serve-and-volley game. "She has good groundies, too."

The only part of Garrison's game that needs work is her serve. In her opening match against Ann Henricksson, Garrison was called for eight foot faults. She was called for that offense just once yesterday.

"I've been working on those foot faults," she said with a smile.

In the first round of doubles play, Carling Bassett teamed with Alexandria's Kim Shaefer to beat Christiane Jolissaint and Marcella Mesker, 7-6 (7-2), 6-2.

Camille Benjamin and Casale advanced to the second round with a 6-3, 6-4 victory over Emilse Rapponi-Longo and Adriana Villagran.