Johnny Miller, who has played well on the Monterey Peninsula courses since college, overcame strong and freezing winds to shoot a four-under-par 68 at Spyglass Hill yesterday and take the first-round lead in the $500,000 Bing Crosby National Pro-Am in Pebble Beach, Calif.

Miller took a one-stroke lead over Chen Tze-chung, George Archer and Willie Wood. Chen also played Spyglass while Wood and Archer played Pebble Beach.

The best anyone could do at Cypress Point, the third course used in the Crosby, was par 72 by David Ogrin and Joey Rassett.

Most scores ran well over par because of the conditions. Lanny Wadkins, winner of the Bob Hope Desert Classic and the Los Angeles Open, shot 73, 1984 rookie-of-the-year Corey Pavin a 74 and Tom Watson a 75.

Jack Nicklaus and Nathaniel Crosby, the son of Bing Crosby who is making his debut in a PGA event, shot 76; defending champion Hale Irwin had a 77, and Calvin Peete, winner of the Phoenix Open, had an 81. Afterward, Peete said he was withdrawing because of eye problems caused by contact lenses.

Lee Elder, Mike Reid and Mark O'Meara were at 70 . . .

Jane Blalock, seeking her first victory in five years, shot a five-under-par 67 to tie Cathy Morse for the lead after one round of a $200,000 LPGA tournament in Miami.