With teams trying to reduce their rosters to the National Football League's mandatory 60-man limit by 4 p.m. today, some big names were cut yesterday, including Miami Dolphins place kicker Uwe von Schamann and Houston Oilers linebacker Robert Brazile.

And the University of Maryland's all-time scoring leader, Jess Atkinson, a free-agent kicker, was released by the New England Patriots.

Von Schamann had been the Dolphins' kicker for six seasons, converting 101 of 149 field goals and 237 of 250 extra points. He hit 66 of 70 extra points last year to set NFL records in both categories. But he also missed 10 of 19 field goal attempts in the regular season and made only two of 12 from outside 30 yards. He rebounded with three field goals in the Super Bowl.

"The toughest decision to make was letting Uwe go," Coach Don Shula said. "We based it on last year's performance and how he'd done in practice. It was tough because he won a lot of games for us." The remaining kickers battling for von Schamann's job are No. 7 draft choice Fuad Reveiz and free agent Eddie Garcia.

Brazile, starting his 11th season in the NFL, returned to his home in Mobile, Ala., to decide if he would retire or attempt to sign with another team, an Oilers spokesman said. He was a first-round draft choice for the Oilers in 1975. He had started every game through the end of last season and held the club record for 147 consecutive games played.

* Vikings: Wide receiver Anthony Carter has agreed to terms on a reported five-year, $400,000-a-year contract with Minnesota but he must wait his release from the U.S. Football League.

Carter, who last played for the Oakland Invaders, said, "I'll accept it as long as I get out of Oakland. That's the most important thing to be done."

*Giants: Among the football players cut, there also was a basketball player: defensive back and basketball guard Al Young. An 11th-round pick by New York, Young was one of the surprise selections in the draft. He was a basketball starter at Virginia Tech and had not played football since high school, where he was one of the top football prospects in North Carolina. Young turned out to be a great athlete, but was not quick enough to stay with receivers, said Coach Bill Parcells.

*Jets: Defensive end Mark Gastineau broke his right thumb in practice, but is expected to be ready for the Sept. 8 opener. Cut were 24 players, including linebacker Greg Buttle, a starter the last 10 years, and eight-year veteran running back Bruce Harper. Five others went on injured waivers, including starting free safety Darrol Ray (separated shoulder). Two other experienced linebackers were cut: second-year player Bobby Bell and John Woodring, a five-year veteran and one-time starter at middle linebacker. Another, Bob Crable, was placed on the physically unable to perform list.