An organization representing state boxing commissions called yesterday for a federal agency to oversee the U.S. boxing industry and endorsed the use of uniform national medical standards for prizefighters.

The Association of Boxing Commissioners urged mandatory tests for boxers, including urinalyses to detect drug use, neurological examinations and postfight physicals. The association represents boxing regulatory agencies from 37 states and three Canadian provinces.

The move was a reaction to building momentum for strict federal regulation of boxing or a national ban on the sport. The American Medical Association this month reiterated its call to eliminate the sport, and several boxing reform bills are pending before Congress.

"It's been a long time coming because there hasn't been a fire under us before," said Cora Wilds, who chairs the District of Columbia Boxing and Wrestling Commission.

The commissioners voted to back legislation sponsored by Rep. Bill Richardson (D-N.M.) . . .

Cubans Teofilo Stevenson and Adolfo Horta have become the first fighters to win three gold medals over the years in amateur boxing's world championships.

Cubans and Americans each captured three titles in Reno, Nev., shutting out everyone else on the first day of finals in the 350-man, 35-country competition.

Three-time Olympic gold medalist Stevenson, a winner of 301 fights, stopped U.S. super heavyweight Alex Garcia in the second round and Horta won the 132-pound title.

Kelcie Banks of Chicago at 125 pounds and Kenneth Gould, 147, Rockford, Ill., led off for the U.S. team, taking gold medals over Cubans Jesus Sollet and Candelario Duvergel. Darin Allen of Columbus, Ohio, at 165 pounds made it three for the day, outpointing Henry Maske of East Germany. GOLF

Betsy King shot 1-under-par 72 and held a one-stroke lead at 139 over Canadian Dawn Coe after two rounds of the $200,000 LPGA tour event at Fairmount in Chatham Township, N.J.

Becky Pearson, like Coe yet to win on the tour, was alone in third place at 140 (70-70). Pat Bradley improved her chances of winning the little over $3,000 she needs to become the LPGA's first $2 million winner, coming in with 71 -- 145. Jane Blalock, who shared the first-round lead with King at 67, had a horrid 85 that included nine bogeys and a triple bogey . . .

Gary Player shot par 70 and held a one-stroke lead at 136 over charging Bruce Crampton (65) after two rounds of the 54-hole PGA Senior-United Hospitals tournament at Chester Valley in Malvern, Pa. . . .

At Fort Worth, the third round of the Colonial National Invitation was rained out and PGA Tour officials ordered a single round Sunday to conclude the tournament.

The Colonial will be the fourth PGA Tour tournament this year to be rain-shortened to 54 holes. COLLEGES

In a setback for the NCAA, a federal judge ruled in Austin that under Texas' open records law the organization must disclose information it obtained concerning recruiting investigations at Southwest Conference schools.

In a 37-page decision, U.S. District Judge James Nowlin gave NCAA and SWC officials 20 days to turn over to him records sought by Belo Broadcasting, the Dallas Times Herald and the Dallas Morning News under provisions of the Texas Open Records Act.

He said he would review the material in private and decide what, if anything, is specifically exempt from public disclosure by the state law.

The NCAA and athletic conferences normally consider information uncovered in investigations confidential . . .

Michigan State basketball star Scott Skiles was released from jail in Plymouth, Ind., after serving 15 days for violating probation on a drug conviction. "It wasn't fun, that's for sure, but then it wasn't supposed to be fun," he said. BASEBALL

A man killed Friday night when he fell 40 feet from the upper deck seats of Comiskey Park during the White Sox-Royals game has been identified as Edward Joyce, 53, of Evergreen Park, a Chicago suburb. Police said it was an accident . . .

Harry (The Hat) Walker, 68, the former major league player and manager who has been baseball coach at the University of Alabama at Birmingham since it began its varsity program in 1978, resigned. Saying the job was no longer fun, he turned it over to assistant Pete Rancont.

"This recruiting drives me nuts," Walker said. "I haven't enjoyed the recruiting, and I haven't enjoyed the bus rides." Walker posted a 211-171 record in eight college seasons. TRACK AND FIELD

Daley Thompson, Britain's two-time Olympic champion, was the individual leader after the first day of a triangular decathlon meet among Great Britain, Canada and France in Arles, France. FIGURE SKATING

Ludmila Pakhomova, who with her husband Alexander Gorshkov won six world ice dance titles in the 1970s, died yesterday after a serious illness, the Soviet news agency Tass said in Moscow. She was 39. LOCALLY

Washington publicist Joe Holman will be honored for over a half-century of service with a testimonial luncheon at the Touchdown Club, Monday at 12:30. Holman, 82, who began his career as a sports reporter in the 1930s, has publicized some of the most important events in capital sports history, including the first heavyweight boxing match in the District and the original Washington Senators. Tickets are still available . . .

Redskins offensive tackle Joe Jacoby will hold his second annual Joe Jacoby Celebrity Golf Tournament to benefit the American Heart Association, 11:30 a.m. Monday at Belle Haven Country Club in Alexandria. John Riggins, Russ Grimm, Jeff Bostic and Jeff Hayes are among those expected to play, and the public is invited.