Nine of the 30 high school seniors on The Washington Post's 1986-87 first-team All-Metropolitan football and boys basketball squads did not meet the academic standards required by the NCAA to play varsity athletics in their first year of college.

Two other student-athletes still are awaiting final Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT) scores or high school diplomas to determine their eligibility.

Fourteen of the 20 senior All-Met football players (70 percent) qualified for next season, but only five of the 10 All-Met basketball players did, with two others in question.

Two of the 19 area student-athletes who did qualify signed with NAIA schools after not being strenuously recruited by NCAA schools. Another who qualified signed with NCAA Division II Morehouse College in Atlanta.

Proposition 48, passed by the NCAA in 1983 and effective in its current form for the 1986-87 academic year, requires student-athletes to score at least 700 on their SAT or a composite score of 15 on the American College Test (ACT), and achieve a 2.0 or C average (on a 4.0 scale) in a core of 11 academic high school courses to be eligible as freshmen.

A student-athlete who does not meet Proposition 48 requirements can retain an athletic scholarship, but then gets only three years of eligibility.

At the time colleges were debating academic reforms that led to Proposition 48, there was strong criticism of the proposal from a large number of black educators, many of whom said the SAT examination was culturally biased and the new rule would have a disproportionate affect on black athletes.

All nine ineligible players from The Post's All-Met teams are black, as are the two in limbo for next season.

Flint Hill all-America basketball player Dennis Scott signed with Georgia Tech amid reports that he would not be eligible in the fall. But his high school coach, Stu Vetter, said Scott made the necessary SAT scores and will be eligible as a freshman.

The other basketball players eligible to play as freshmen are McKinley forward Anthony Tucker (at Georgetown), DeMatha guard John Gwynn (Connecticut) and St. John's guard Erik Harris (Navy). Potomac (Md.) forward Byron Tucker, who chose North Carolina State, is also set, according to the sports information office at N.C. State, which received Tucker's SAT scores last week.

High Point forward Glenson Sitney, who signed with George Washington, is still awaiting his final SAT scores to determine his status.

Dunbar's two-time All-Met Tyrone Gibson made the 700 on his SAT but had to make up missed schoolwork after spending 47 days in jail for simple assault and intent to distribute cocaine. Released on probation in late May, he is not expected to get his high school diploma until later this summer.

Three basketball players fell below Proposition 48 standards. Northwestern guard Clinton Venable signed with Allegany Community College (Md.), Mount Hebron forward Barry Young will not play his freshman year at Nevada-Las Vegas, and Coolidge guard Carl Weldon has not decided among several junior colleges.

Among the football players, although some expect to be redshirted their first year, those eligible to play include running back Tyrone Jackson (N.C. State), tackle Jay Foran (Virginia Tech) and linebacker Andre Jones (Notre Dame), all from DeMatha; guard Ed Cunningham (Washington), linebacker Shon Grantz and defensive lineman Matt Jefferson (Virginia Tech), all of Mount Vernon; St. Albans tackle Brad Collins (Virginia), Oxon Hill quarterback Tom Green (Arizona State), Edison defensive back/punter Jerry Jackson (Clemson), Gaithersburg receiver Robert Jackson (Maryland) and T.C. Williams defensive end Byron Sneed (Alabama).

Jefferson center David Snider and Oakton receiver/kicker Chris Scaglione also qualified but settled on an NAIA school, Shepherd College (W.Va.).

Georgetown Prep nose guard Samuel Sullivan easily met Proposition 48 standards and decided on Morehouse over Georgetown, which plays Division III football.

Of those football players who fell below the NCAA standard, Friendly linebacker Calvin Tiggle signed with Lees-McRae Junior College in Banner Elk, N.C.; Gaithersburg quarterback Eric Nichols chose Central State (Ohio), in Division II; T.C. Williams defensive end Harvey Yancey signed with Gardner-Webb, an NAIA school in Boiling Springs, N.C., and Springbrook running back Eric Andrews signed with Morehouse.

(Starting next season, Division II will have the same academic requirements as Division I, under a rule change adopted by Division II schools at the 1987 NCAA convention.)

High Point defensive back Martin Sanders and Springbrook end/safety Kevin Williamson have not decided what school they will attend. Both are looking at junior colleges.

Todd Cook and Tim Canada of Courtland, Tre Everett of Ballou and Leslie Shepherd of Forestville were juniors on the 1987 All-Met football team.

Proposition 48 as currently defined only went into effect for the 1986-87 academic year, so a statistical profile on past All-Met teams is virtually impossible to determine.

A 1986 poll by the Dallas Times-Herald showed that of the 2,227 high school seniors who signed letters of intent to the 105 Division I-A football schools last year, 206 (10.8 percent) could not participate because they fell below Proposition 48 standards.

The Post's All-Met football team had 30 percent of its players ineligible under Proposition 48.A Preparation Plan

Mackin Principal Calvin Ash said that most of the institutions in the Metro Conference of private schools have SAT preparation courses "either isolated from the curriculum or incorporated within the curriculum."

Mackin student-athletes are required to take SAT courses on Saturday mornings in both their junior and senior years, Ash said. These courses familiarize the student with the type of mathematics and English problems on the test and the methodology to complete it successfully.

"The problem doesn't always lie in the knowledge of knowing the answer," Ash said. "It's really test-taking skills. The students panic. They don't realize you have to pace yourself."

According to the Times-Herald survey, of the 302 players who signed letters of intent in the Mid-Eastern Athletic Conference and the Southwestern Athletic Conference, two conferences of historically black universities and colleges, 88 were ineligible last year. One of the ineligible players in the MEAC was white.

In an NCAA survey this year, of the 424 student-athletes admitted to colleges last year who had the prescribed core curriculum and overall grade-point averages but did not meet test score requirements, nearly three-quarters are black.

Samuel L. Myers, president of the National Association For Equal Opportunity in Higher Education (NAFEO), representing 116 historically black universities and colleges, said NAFEO's opposition to Proposition 48 was based on the "irrelevancy" of the SAT exam.

NAFEO is awaiting information from the NCAA on how students who met Proposition 48 criteria did in their first year of college, Myers said.

The SAT should be used for "counseling purposes" to help determine what types of academic assistance a student-athlete may need once in school, Myers said. Because blacks perform on a level lower than whites on the test, he said, Proposition 48 has a "disproportionate effect on blacks."

Howard University football coach Willie Jeffries said he favors the overall 2.0 and core curriculum grade averages as standards because "they measure a young man from the ninth grade to the 12th" and are "a prediction of how well an athlete will discipline himself to do the college work." He opposes the test score criterion, however.

"I don't think it's as good an indicator of whether a young man will be successful," Jeffries said. The SAT may be biased against minority students in terms of them "not being aware of some of the items of the exam," he added.

Harry Edwards, the West Coast sports sociologist recently named by Baseball Commissioner Peter Ueberroth as a special consultant for establishing a job bank of blacks, Hispanics and women for baseball front offices, strongly took issue with the notion that Proposition 48 fails minorities.

"A 700 {score} is not Phi Beta Kappa demands, academically," Edwards said. "We are putting playbooks before textbooks . . . It's a detriment to the individual, it's a detriment to the institution involved. And I don't care what circumstances they come from."

A student is guaranteed 400 points for answering a single question in both the math and English parts of the SAT, and Edwards said that even a random marking of the exam usually is good for 100 additional points. "Somehow, this individual has to scrounge up between 100 and 150, 100 to 200 points. That is a joke and a travesty that they are not able to do it," he said.

American University basketball coach Ed Tapscott said Proposition 48 is, to him, "a double-edged sword that cuts both ways. You want students to achieve in school because that is the process by which they become better citizens, better people." But aside from this "very philosophical reason," he continued, "you want them to achieve above minimums . . . {It is} a fear and apprehension on my part that the ninth-grader will get the impression, 'All you have to do is get 700. And 2.0 in the core.'

"But on the other hand, this rule sets a floor by which we will extend the privilege of playing to them their first year," he said.

Chuck Brown, athletic director for Prince George's County schools, said his county uses a program of guidance counselors working with athletic directors at each school to encourage student-athletes to involve themselves earlier in test-taking, in order to get used to both the substance and types of questions on the SAT and ACT.

"One of the ways we think we can encourage them is to get started early, and take the PSATs {Preliminary Scholastic Aptitude Test, administered in the ninth and 10th grades}," Brown said.

For the last two years, all Prince George's students have been required to have at least a 2.0 average to participate in any extracurricular activity. Brown said the county requirements have "helped more kids than they've hurt," and thinks the Proposition 48 criteria will affect test scores similarly.

The Prince George's County 2.0 requirement, more than the NCAA's reforms, has made academics more important to "the whole student body. I don't think Proposition 48 has anything to do with it," Friendly Coach James Crawford said.

"I think," said Sanya Tyler, associate athletic director and women's basketball coach at Howard, "that now that 48 is in place the schools are becoming more aware of the need to go and prepare kids for taking the test. But it won't help this year's seniors and it won't help the kids who are graduating next year. This year's sophomores are the first I believe will be helped."Partial Qualifiers

Nationally, results of the NCAA survey of its 284 Division I schools were published in the April 29 edition of the NCAA News. Of the 250 Division I schools responding, 168 (67 percent) reported that they had athletes meeting one but not all of the Proposition 48 standards. These students, called "partial qualifiers," met the 2.0 overall average and graduated from high school, but did not score 700 on the SAT or meet the core grade-point requirement. Out of the 599 partial qualifiers registered, 424 had the necessary grades but had inadequate test scores.

The majority of partial qualifiers were prospective men's basketball and football players, the survey said.

Thirty-eight schools said some nonqualifiers were registered.

Academic reforms elsewhere have had a positive effect. Since Texas instituted the "no pass, no play" rule in its high schools two years ago, grades for student-athletes have improved. Fifteen of the 16 seniors who were selected all-state in Dallas and signed Division I football scholarships are eligible to play this fall. Only one senior was chosen all-state in basketball, and he qualified to play as a freshman at SMU.

The ultimate responsiblility for improvement, Brown of Prince George's said, lies with the student and the parent: "I want to say this is a joint effort . . . It's just like a {football player} who's not willing to hit the tackling dummy. You're not going to make a tackler out of him."