BESANCON, FRANCE, JULY 8 -- Olaf Ludwig became the first East German to win a stage of the Tour de France today when he led a breakaway group of 13 riders in a sprint across the finish line.

Canada's Steve Bauer maintained his overall lead of 17 seconds, joining the several other cyclists who finished 21 seconds behind Ludwig.

"To win a stage of the Tour has always been a dream to me," Ludwig said before heading off to cheer for West Germany in the World Cup final against Argentina.

The eighth stage of the tour covered 113 miles from Epinal to Besancon in east-central France.

Ronan Pensec of France remained second overall. Italy's Claudio Chiappucci was third, 67 seconds back, with Frans Maassen of the Netherlands fourth and Mexico's Raul Alcala, winner of Saturday's individual time trial, fifth.

American Greg LeMond, the two-time champion, remained 10:09 back in seventh after finishing with the pack today.

In past years, East Germans and Soviets were not allowed to participate in pro races, but Ludwig negotiated a contract with the Dutch-Belgian Panasonic team soon after the Berlin Wall was opened. He has been consistently near the top of each stage. He was followed across the finish line today by Johan Museeuw of Belgium and American Ron Kiefel.

EIGHTH STAGE RESULTS From Epinal to Besancon (113 miles)

1, Olaf Ludwig, Panasonic, East Germany, 4 hours 26 minutes 53 seconds; 2, Johan Museeuw, Lotto, Belgium, same time; 3, Ron Kiefel, 7-Eleven, United States; 4, Jean-Claude Colotti, RMO, France; 5, Andreas Kappes, Toshiba, West Germany; 6, Christophe Lavainne, Castorama, France; 7, Guido Winterberg, Helvetia, Switzerland; 8, Massimo Ghirotto, Carrera, Italy; 9, Pascal Lance, Toshiba, France; 10, Patrick Jacobs, TVM, Belgium; 11, Bruno Cornillet, Z, France; 12, Michel Dernies, Weinmann, Belgium; 13, Eric VanLancker, Panasonic, Belgium; 14, Adriano Baffi, Ariostea, Italy, 21 seconds behind; 15, Davis Phinney, 7-Eleven, United States, same time. Other Americans

38, Greg LeMond, Z, Wayzata, Minn.; 80, Andy Bishop, 7-Eleven, Tucson; 109, Bob Roll, 7-Eleven, Santa Fe, N.M.; 128, Andy Hampsten, 7-Eleven, Boulder, Colo.; 141, Norman Alvis, 7-Eleven, Sacramento, Calif. OVERALL STANDINGS

1, Steve Bauer, 7-Eleven, Canada, 34:32:03; 2, Ronan Pensec, Z, France, 17 seconds behind; 3, Claudio Chiappucci, Carrera, Italy, 1:07; 4, Frans Maassen, Buckler, Netherlands, 1:16; 5, Raul Alcala, PDM, Mexico, 7:19; 6, Gerrit Solleveld, Buckler, Netherlands, 7:23; 7, LeMond, 10:09; 8, Uwe Ampler, PDM, East Germany, 10:14; 9, Sean Kelly, PDM, Ireland, 10:15; 10, Guido Winterberg, Helvetia, Switzerland, 10:26; 10, Vintyeslav Ekimov, Panasonic, Soviet Union, 10:26; 11, Erik Breukink, PDM, Netherlands, 10:32; 12, Pello Ruiz Cabestany, ONCE, Spain, 10:35; 14, Miguel Indurain, Banesto, Spain, 11:01; 15, Gianni Bugno, Chateau d'Ax, Italy, 11:24. Other Americans

46, Hampsten, 14:10; 64, Kiefel, 15:18; 124, Roll, 20:22; 140, Phinney, 21:26; 151, Alvis, 22:34; 173, Bishop, 27:03.