ROSEMONT, ILL., DEC. 4 -- The surest-fielding shortstop ever, Cal Ripken Jr. today was bypassed for a Gold Glove award.

American League managers and coaches voted the Chicago White Sox' Ozzie Guillen the 1990 honor for fielding excellence at his position though Baltimore's Ripken set seven major league fielding records over the season, including single-season highest percentage and fewest errors by a full-time shortstop.

"I guess the criterion is not being the best defensive player at the position," Orioles Manager Frank Robinson said. "I felt if he didn't win it this year, he'd never win it."

While continuing his remarkable consecutive games played streak, Ripken committed three errors in 680 chances (.996). Guillen made 17 errors in 743 chances (.977). Ripken also set marks for consecutive errorless games (95) and consecutive errorless chances (431).

Toronto's Tony Fernandez won the award the past four years.

"What do I have to do?" to win a Gold Glove, asked Ripken, who has played eight years at short without winning one. "Jeez, I don't know. . . . I'd like to win one of those things, to be honest with you."

"Cal positions himself so he doesn't have to go five or ten feet to make a play," Robinson said. "He moves one or two feet. Why penalize him for that? It's a shame."

Full Gold Glove list on Page B9. Gallagher Goes for Two

The Orioles traded outfielder Dave Gallagher (.216 in 23 Baltimore games) to the Angels for pitchers David Martinez and Mike Hook. Neither has pitched above Class AA.

Martinez, 27, is a right-handed starter, California's first-round choice in the January 1984 amateur draft. He is a career 32-42; last season 0-6 with a 4.72 ERA for Class A Palm Springs and 6-6, 5.17 for AA Midland.

Hook, 22, is a left-handed reliever, Houston's second-round choice in the June 1986 draft. Last season he was 6-3 with a 1.89 ERA with Class A Quad City and 0-1, 9.35 with Midland. Overall he struck out 76 batters in 47 innings. That's 14.6 strikeouts per nine innings -- the best ratio in pro baseball, according to research by Orioles public relations director Rick Vaughn. White Sox Land Snyder

The White Sox, looking to add outfield punch, traded right-handed pitchers Eric King (12-4, 3.28 ERA) and Shawn Hillegas to the Indians for strong-armed Cory Snyder (115 homers in five years but only 14 with a .233 batting average in 1990) and minor league infielder Lindsay Foster. To clear roster room, Cleveland designated second baseman Mark McLemore for assignment.

The Athletics acquired veteran utility infielder Ernest Riles from the Giants for outfielder Darren Lewis, 23, and a player to be named.

The Royals, still collecting free agents, signed nomad left-hander Dan Schatzeder, late of the Astros, for one year; the Brewers signed Tigers right-hander Edwin Nunez for two. Longtime Blue Jays handyman Rance Mulliniks signed to stay in Toronto two more years.