The city that won the most education grant money from the Walton Family Foundation in 2010 was Washington D.C., according to new figures that showed how $157 million was distributed.

The foundation is one of the three big family education philanthropies — the other two being the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation and the Eli and Edythe Broad Foundation,— and the one that gives the most money to initiatives involving the school choice movement such as vouchers and charter schools.

The three are leaders of what education historian Diane Ravitch termed “the billionaire boy’s club” (in her best-selling book The Death and Life of the Great American School System ) because they are run by the super-wealthy who promote the privatization of public education and high-stakes standardized testing as the school reform solutions.

The money these foundations pour into public education has an important effect on the shape of education reform, which some critics say is undemocratic because the priorities are selected by wealthy businessmen who want to support their own pet projects. Another big issue in the movement toward privatizing public education is whether it is a good idea to make public schools dependent on the good will — and business fortunes — of private entities.

The foundation focuses on seven cities: Albany, Denver, East and South Los Angeles, Milwaukee, New Orleans, Newark and Washington, D.C. Of those, the District received the most cash from the foundation in 2010, $17 million, part of it to help fund a controversial new teacher evaluation system implemented by former D.C. Schools Chancellor Michelle Rhee, who quit after 3 1/2 years last October. She won millions from the Walton and other foundations to help fund the evaluation system, IMPACT, which involves paying teachers extra for raising student standardized test scores (an assessment model that experts warn against).

Below is a breakdown on how the foundation spent money on education-related initiatives in 2010, and, after that, a list of all 2010 grantees. The breadth of grantees helps show the foundation’s reach and impact.

2010 Education Reform Grants — $157,220,283

By Initiative

• Shaping Public Policy $52,487,447

• Creating Quality Schools $63,846,907

• Improving Existing Schools $38,810,815

Research and Evaluation Grants $2,075,114

Top Strategic Investments Include:

• Teach For America $16,652,436

• Charter School Growth Fund $12,533,526

• DC Public Education Fund $10,000,000

• KIPP Foundation $8,650,000

• California Charter Schools Assoc. $3,940,652

Grant Totals by Community

• Albany $2,183,195

• Denver $4,211,776

• Los Angeles $11,981,508

• Milwaukee $5,616,634

• Newark $3,643,750

• New Orleans $4,834,962

• Washington, D.C. $16,998,745

2010 K-12 Education Reform Grants

Category: Shape Public Policy

(Grants in this category were directed to advocacy groups promoting public charter school choice; private school choice; district reforms, particularly open enrollment and district school choice; and cross-sector parental choice.)

Agudath Israel of Illinois $500,000

Alliance for School Choice, Inc. $2,308,376

American Center for School Choice $60,000

Arete Scholars Fund, Inc. $500,000

Arizona Charter Schools Association (ACSA) $682,000

Association of Missouri Charter Schools (AMCS) $270,133

Barry Goldwater Institute for Public Policy Research $50,000

Bellwether Education Partners $90,000

Black Alliance for Educational Options $675,000

Brookings Institution $200,000

California Charter Schools Association $3,940,652

Catholic Association of Latino Leaders Inc $150,000

Center for Education Reform $518,273

Charter School Partners $269,477

Children’s Scholarship Fund $13,559,790

Colorado League of Charter Schools $951,174

Colorado Legacy Foundation $24,261

Colorado Nonprofit Development Center (CNDC) $243,980

Colorado Succeeds $127,500

Connecticut Coalition for Achievement Now Inc. (ConnCAN) $1,300,000

DC Public Charter School Board $108,000

DC School Reform Now $125,000

District of Columbia College Access Program $333,000

Education Pioneers $100,000

Education Reform Now, Inc. $1,325,000

Education Trust, Inc. $300,000

Excellent Education for Everyone, Inc. (E3) $750,000

Foundation for Educational Choice, Inc. $735,000

Foundation for Excellence in Education FEE $1,692,000

Friends of Choice in Urban Schools (FOCUS) $567,946

Georgia Charter Schools Association Inc.$ 650,000

Greater Houston Community Foundation $100,000

GreatSchools Inc. $1,800,000

Harvard College $405,600

Hispanic Council for Reform and Educational Options (HCREO) $240,000

Illinois Network of Charter Schools (INCS) $1,055,628

Indiana Public Charter Schools Association, Inc. $420,000

Institute For Justice $400,000

John K. Maclver Institute for Public Policy, Inc. $101,800

Klamath River Early College of the Redwoods $156,446

Los Angeles Parent Union $500,000

Louisiana Association of Public Charter Schools $374,733

Lutheran Urban Mission Initiative Inc. $55,000

MAPSA - Michigan Association of Public School Academies $264,300

Marquette University $235,300

Milwaukee Chapter - Black Alliance for Educational Options Inc. (MCBAEO) $75,000

National Alliance for Public Charter Schools (NAPCS) $1,175,000

National Conference of State Legislatures $156,856

National Right to Work Legal Defense & Education Foundation $75,000

New Jersey Charter Public Schools Association $950,000

New Mexico Coalition for Charter Schools $50,000

New York Charter Schools Association (NYCSA) $585,459

NewSchools Venture Fund $237,350

Ohio Alliance of Public Charter Schools (OAPCS) $309,160

Parents for Educational Freedom in North Carolina (PEFNC) $525,000

Participant Foundation $500,000

Pennsylvania Coalition of Public Charter Schools $203,000

Philanthropy Roundtable $100,000

PICO National Network $840,410

Public Education and Business Coalition $50,000

Reason Foundation $40,000

School Choice Ohio $415,000

School Choice Wisconsin $300,000

Stand for Children Leadership Center $1,378,527

Step Up for Students - Formerly Florida School Choice Fund - FSCF $666,240

Success Charter Network $1,310,000

Tennessee Charter Schools Association $812,000

Texas Charter Schools Association $715,000

Thomas B. Fordham Institute $557,780

United Community Center, Inc. $160,000

United Negro College Fund, Inc. (UNCF) $359,365

University of Notre Dame $300,000

Urban League of Greater New Orleans $200,000

Washington Scholarship Fund, Inc. $225,931

Shape Public Policy Total $52,487,447

Category: Create Quality Schools:

Academy for Global Citizenship Charter School $250,000

Academy of New Media Middle $30,000

Academy of North Minneapolis $220,000

ADI Charter Schools, Inc. $500,000

Alkebu-Lan Village $30,000

Alliance for Universal Education Inc $30,000

Amani Public Charter School $30,000

Aprendes Foundation $30,000

Aspire Alexander Twilight College Preparatory Academy $250,000

Aspire ERES Academy $250,000

Aspire Titan Academy $250,000

Aspire Vanguard College Preparatory Academy $250,000

Barack Obama Charter School $250,000

Brighter Choice Foundation $995,332

Broome Street Academy Charter High School $30,000

Building Excellent Schools (BES) $1,758,245

Building Hope $1,013,295

Camino Nuevo Elementary School #3 250,000

Camp Fire USA 30,000

Capitol Collegiate Academy 250,000

Carondelet Leadership Academy 220,000

Catalyst Elementary Charter School - Circle Rock 250,000

Center for Inspired Teaching f/b/o Inspired Teaching Demonstration School 250,000

CEO Leadership Academy, Inc. 250,000

Charter Fund - d/b/a CSGF Tennessee 1,563,109

Charter Fund, Inc. (CSGF) 12,533,526

Charter School Financing Partnership LLC CSFP 2,850,000

Charter School of Excellence Inc. 660,000

City of Trees Public Charter School 30,000

College-Ready Academy High School #11 $250,000

College-Ready Academy High School #13 $250,000

College-Ready Academy High School #14 $250,000

College-Ready Academy High School #16 $250,000

College-Ready Middle Academy #7 $250,000

Colorado Nonprofit Development Center $150,000

Community Foundation of Middle Tennessee $478,770

Cornerstone Montessori Elementary $220,000

Crestworth Learning Academy $250,000

Crown Preparatory Academy $220,000

D’Arbonne Woods Charter School $250,000

DC Public Charter School Board $230,000

Democracy Prep-Blackstone Valley $250,000

Detroit Leadership Academy $250,000

Dr. Richard Izquierdo Health and Science Charter School $220,000

Eastbrook Academy $274,500

Edison Public School Academy $250,000

Educational Enterprises, Inc. $760,000

Environmental Charter Middle School $220,000

EPIC Academy Charter High School $250,000

e-STEM Public Charter Schools, Inc. $562,500

EXCEL Prep Charter School$220,000

Excellence and Equity in Education $30,000

Excellent Education Development, Inc. (ExED) $250,000

Fernando Pullum Performing Arts High School $250,000

Friends of E Prep Schools $30,000

Friends of Nest Charter School Inc. $50,000

Garden Homes Community Montessori School, Inc. $30,000

Global Green USA $55,010

Graham Expeditionary Middle School $220,000

Grand Center Arts Academy $220,000

Green Dot Public Schools $500,000

Hennepin Elementary School $30,000

Hiawatha Leadership Academy $249,500

Highland Park Leadership & Sports Academy $30,000

ICEF Elementary School #7 $250,000

ICEF Middle School #8 $250,000

IFF $1,200,000

Illinois College $30,000

Indiana Math and Science Academy- North Indianapolis $240,000

Inspire Charter Academy $250,000

Instituto Health Sciences Career Academy $250,000

Invictus Preparatory Charter School $250,000

Inwood Academy for Leadership Charter School $250,000

John Dibert Community School $250,000

King’s Academy $250,000

KIPP Foundation $8,650,000

Lakeview Charter High School $220,000

Legacy Charter Academy $250,000

Legal Prep Charter Academy $30,000

Lighthouse Academies $100,000

Lincoln-King Academy $250,000

Little Rock Urban Collegiate Public Charter School for Young Men $220,000

Local Initiatives Support Corporation $2,584,000

Lotus School for Excellence $280,000

Madison Preparatory Academy $250,000

Magnolia Science Academy-8 Bell Charter School $250,000

Memphis College Preparatory School $250,000

Milwaukee College Preparatory School (Lindsay Heights Campus) $250,000

Milwaukee Community Cyber High School $250,000

Mission Preparatory School $250,000

MMAC Community Support Foundation $150,000

Montessori School of Englewood $30,000

Mundo Verde Bilingual Public Charter School $250,000

New Orleans College Preparatory Academies $250,000

New Urban Learning $220,000

Newark Charter School Fund $1,750,000

Newark Legacy Charter School $248,750

NewSchools Venture Fund $1,000,000

Northeast Ohio Preparatory School $250,000

Nova Academy Early College High School $250,000

Partners for Developing Futures $750,426

Partnerships to Uplift Communities $60,000

Passages Charter School $250,000

Pataula Charter Academy $220,000

Peoria Charter School Initiative $250,000

Pima Prevention Partnership $250,000

Preclarus Mastery Academy $30,000

Renaissance Charter High School for Innovation $250,000

ReNEW School #1 $250,000

ReNEW School #2 $250,000

Rosewood Community Development Corporation Inc. $10,000

Rowe Elementary School $250,000

Saint Anthony Congregation - Formerly St. Anthony School of Milwaukee $350,000

SOAR II Charter School $250,000

Sonoran Science Academy - Phoenix Metro $220,000

South Bronx Overall Economic Development Corp (SoBRO) $30,000

South City Preparatory Academy Charter School $30,000

Southland College Prep Charter School, Inc $250,000

Stockton Collegiate International Secondary School $250,000

Synergy Charter Academy $250,000

Taylor International Academy $250,000

The New Common School Foundation $60,000

Triumph Charter High School $220,000

University of Notre Dame $750,000

University Preparatory School $250,000

University YES! Academy $249,944

UNO Charter School Network $230,000

Urban Day School Inc. $440,000

Urban Prep Charter Academy for Young Men High School - East Garfield $250,000

Urban Prep Charter Academy for Young Men High School - South Shore $250,000

Valley Charter Elementary School $220,000

Valley Charter Middle School $220,000

Veritas College Preparatory Charter School $250,000

Washington-Parks Academy $250,000

Create Quality Schools Total $63,846,907

Category: Improve Existing Schools

Achievement Network, LTD $62,500

Association of American Educators Foundation $200,000

Cole Arts and Science Academy $100,000

Colorado League of Charter Schools $220,000

DC Public Charter School Board $860,573

DC Public Education Fund $10,000,000

Denver Green School $300,000

Denver Public Schools $270,000

Georgia Charter School Commission, Inc. $245,100

High Bar, LLC $400,000

Indiana Public Charter Schools Association, Inc. $174,750

MAPSA - Michigan Association of Public School Academies $743,540

Marquette University $260,334

National Association of Charter School Authorizers $1,874,274

National Council of La Raza $582,148

New Orleans East Charter Academies Inc. $200,000

New Orleans Military/Maritime Academy $250,000

New Teacher Project $2,250,000

New York Charter Schools Association $460,000

Northwest Evaluation Association $125,000

Pathways To Success $25,000

Recovery School District $666,891

Rhode Island Mayoral Academies $500,000

Seton Education Partners - formerly Aquinas Education Trust $150,000

Teach for America (National) $16,652,436

University of Notre Dame$ 897,600

Voices for International Business & Education $340,669

Improve Existing Schools Total $38,810,815

Category: Research and Evaluation

Hoover Institution, Stanford University $569,018

Northwest Evaluation Association $39,700

University of Arkansas Foundation, Inc. $680,283

University of Notre Dame $250,000

University of Southern California $160,030

University of Washington $51,083

University of Washington Foundation - Center on Reinventing Public Education $50,000

University of Wisconsin - Madison $275,000

Research and Evaluation Total $2,075,114

2010 K-12 Education Reform and other education grants total: $157,220,283

Follow The Answer Sheet every day by bookmarking And for admissions advice, college news and links to campus papers, please check out our Higher Education page. Bookmark it!