Visitors look at Chinese artist He Xiangyu’s work “The Death of Marat” depicting Ai Weiwei lying dead exhibited at the Balmoral Artists residence in Bad Ems, western Germany. (Thomas Frey/AFP/Getty Images)

The sculpture is called “The Death of Marat” — an art-historical nod to the famous neoclassical painting of French revolutionary Jean-Paul Marat, painted by Jacques-Louis David . It depicts Weiwei, who was detained by the Chinese government earlier this year, as lying face down on the gallery floor, deceased. Xiangyu said that he used real human hair, plastic and fiberglass to create the extremely realistic statue. In cribbing the title from David, Xiangyu elevates Weiwei’s status to that of a tragic hero.

Weiwei is famous for his political art and criticism of the Chinese government, as well as his design for the “Bird’s Nest” stadium for the Olympic ceremonies in Beijing three years ago. He was imprisoned for 81 days this spring without any charges filed against him. On Nov. 1, Weiwei announced that Chinese authorities have demanded that he pay $2.4 million in back taxes and fines within 10 days. Weiwei said he would not pay the taxes until police returned books that were confiscated in his arrest.

Xiangyu is one of several artists to pay tribute to Weiwei through their own art. Wang Bo, known to his fans as Pi San , created a cartoon that addressed Weiwei’s arrest, “Crack Sunflower Seeds.” To get around censors, Pi San does not mention Weiwei’s arrest directly, but the sunflower seeds are a reference to an exhibition at the Tate Modern in London that contained 100 million handcrafted sunflower seeds .

A woman looks at "Forever Bicycles" by dissident Chinese artist Ai Weiwei during a media preview of the "Ai Weiwei Absent" exhibition in Taipei. (Pichi Chuang/Reuters)

On Oct. 27, Weiwei was presented with the Wall Street Journal Magazine’s first Innovator of the Year award in the category of art. Performance artist Marina Abramovic spoke on Weiwei’s behalf, calling him “the artist of the future, using technology to invent a different innovating way of communication in a time of restrictions and limitations.”

Close-up view of Chinese artist He Xiangyu's work "The Death of Marat" depicting Ai Weiwei lying dead. (Thomas Frey/AFP/Getty Images)

(Thomas Frey/AFP/Getty Images)