New York also lost a high number of students (28,980 compared to Jersey’s 31,510) but three-quarters of its college-bound students stayed in-state. Plus, 30,259 students from other states traveled to New York for college, leaving the state with a net gain.

So, what’s happening in other states? I created lists of states with “brain drain” and “brain gain” using data from the National Center for Education Statistics that show the migration of 1.4 million recent high school graduates who enrolled as freshmen at four-year colleges in fall 2008, the latest year available. Nationally, about three-fourths of students stay in their home state for college.

**BRAIN DRAIN**

New Jersey (Net loss of 27,343, as 31,510 left and 4,167 arrived.)

Texas (Net loss of 11,291, as 17,716 left and 6,425 arrived.)

Illinois (Net loss of 10,498, as 23,972 left and 13,474 arrived.)

Maryland (Net loss of 8,624, as 15,742 left and 7,118 arrived.)

California (Net loss of 8,495, as 21,997 left and 13,502 arrived.)

Connecticut (Net loss of 4,885, as 14,025 left and 9,140 arrived.)

Minnesota (Net loss of 4,401, as 12,017 left and 7,616 arrived.)

Georgia (Net loss of 2,697, as 9,817 left and 7,120 arrived.)

Michigan (Net loss of 1,071, as 7,671 left and 6,600 arrived.)

Hawaii (Net loss of 1,499, as 2,724 left and 1,225 arrived.)

Alaska (Net loss of 1,201, as 1,434 left and 233 arrived.)

Washington (Net loss of 1,104, as 6,761 left and 5,657 arrived.)

Nevada (Net loss of 1,100, as 2,229 left and 1,129 arrived.)

Ohio (Net loss of 543, as 12,761 left and 12,218 arrived.)

New Mexico (Net loss of 23, as 1,558 left and 1,535 arrived.)

**BRAIN GAIN**

Pennsylvania (Net gain of 14,341, as 16,067 left and 30,408 arrived.)

Indiana (Net gain of 8,584, as 4,802 left and 13,386 arrived.)

Massachusetts (Net gain of 6,894, as 17,832 left and 24,726 arrived.)

North Carolina (Net gain of 6,519, as 5,736 left and 12,255 arrived.)

District of Columbia (Net gain of 6,310, as 1,787 left and 8,097 arrived.)

Rhode Island (Net gain of 5,706, as 2,650 left and 8,356 arrived.)

Alabama (Net gain of 5,555, as 2,510 left and 8,065 arrived.)

Arizona (Net gain of 5,221, as 3,202 left and 8,423 arrived.)

South Carolina (Net gain of 5,423, as 2,414 left and 7,837 arrived.)

Utah (Net gain of 4,977, as 1,189 left and 6,166 arrived.)

Iowa (Net gain of 4,871, as 3,151 left and 8,022 arrived.)

West Virginia (Net gain of 3,849, as 925 left and 4,774 arrived.)

Kentucky (Net gain of 3,077, as 2,743 left and 5,820 arrived.)

Virginia (Net gain of 3,064, as 10,009 left and 13,073 arrived.)

Louisiana (Net gain of 2,797, as 2,200 left and 4,997 arrived.)

Oklahoma (Net gain of 2,695, as 2,039 left and 4,734 arrived.)

Florida (Net gain of 2,441, as 10,725 left and 13,166 arrived.)

Arkansas (Net gain of 2,426, as 1,646 left and 4,072 arrived.)

Vermont (Net gain of 2,400, as 2,337 left and 4,737 arrived.)

North Dakota (Net gain of 2,312, as 915 left and 3,227 arrived.)

Missouri (Net gain of 1,971, as 6,190 left and 8,161 arrived.)

Tennessee (Net gain of 1,913, as 5,428 left and 7,341 arrived.)

Mississippi (Net gain of 1,776, as 1,445 left and 3,221 arrived.)

Wisconsin (Net gain of 1,560, as 7,384 left and 8,944 arrived.)

Oregon (Net gain of 1,502, as 3,977 left and 5,479 arrived.)

New York (Net gain of 1,279, as 28,980 left and 30,259 arrived.)

Delaware (Net gain of 1,073, as 1,901 left and 2,974 arrived.)

Idaho (Net gain of 1,011, as 1,939 left and 2,950 arrived.)

Kansas (Net gain of 872, as 3,050 left and 3,922 arrived.)

South Dakota (Net gain of 667, as 1,313 left and 1,980 arrived.)

Nebraska (Net gain of 620, as 2,143 left and 2,763 arrived.)

New Hampshire (Net gain of 519, as 4,902 left and 5,421 arrived.)

Montana (Net gain of 515, as 1,204 left and 1,719 arrived.)

Colorado (Net gain of 255, as 6,682 left and 6,937 arrived.)

Wyoming (Net gain of 40, as 698 left and 738 arrived.)

Maine (Net gain of 29, as 3,043 left and 3,072 arrived.)

Again, to see the full data set for yourself, check out the National Center for Education Statistics. And here’s a link to my article about New Jersey’s brain drain.

Also: The Chronicle of Higher Education has an interactive graphic that lets you see where various colleges and universities have gotten their freshmen classes over the years.

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