The May temperature was 1.19°F above the 20th century average. It marked the 36th consecutive May and 327th consecutive month with above average global temperatures.
The land temperature was warmest on record for the month, 2.18°F above average. The ocean temperature was 0.81°F above average and 10th warmest on record for May. In the Northern Hemisphere, the average temperature was warmest on record.
Indicators of snow and ice, for the most part, were consistent with the global warmth in May:
Northern Hemisphere snow cover extent was second smallest in the 46-year record. Regionally, Eurasia had its all-time smallest snow cover extent and North America its eighth smallest.
Arctic sea ice was 3.5 percent below average or 12th smallest on record since 1979.
Antarctic sea ice, on the other hand, was 2.4 percent above normal, 15th largest in the 34-year record. (For quite a while, trends in Antarctic sea ice have run counter to other global snow and ice indicators, likely linked to complex changes in ocean circulation in the region. Temperatures in that same region have actually warmed (see academic paper)).
Now that the La Nina event has concluded, tropical Pacific is in a “neutral” pattern (neither La Nina nor El Nino) and ocean temperatures have moderated. NOAA’s Climate Prediction Center says there is a 50 percent chance El Nino conditions will commence by the end of the year. The birth of El Nino would signify warming of the tropical Pacific and we might expect near record or perhaps record-breaking global temperatures given background elevated greenhouse gas levels.