The Washington Post

Yes, that big boom was late January thunder

Weather map shows cold front moving through region at 10 a.m. (National Weather Service)

A warm front moved through overnight and very warm, moist unstable rushed northward, pushing temperatures above 60 degrees. This morning, a dynamic cold front collided with this unseasonably mild, juicy air. The result: a line of springlike showers and thunderstorms.

The volume of the thunder may have been enhanced a little due to something called “elevated instability”. We get elevated instability when temperatures aloft warm more quickly than temperatures at the ground, creating an inversion (normally, temperatures cool with height). The Weather Channel’s severe weather expert Greg Forbes explains:

What makes thunder louder on some occasions than others? Most of the time it has to do with how the temperature changes with height. The short answer is that thunder tends to be loudest when there is a cold pocket near the surface and warm air above it -- an “inversion.”

The remains of a temperature inversion from last night might have amplified the sound of the thunder that developed in this morning’s thunderstorms. Graphic from Unisys weather, adapted by author.

When you have such an inversion, the sound of thunder can get trapped in that inversion layer, making it louder.

Was the thunder unusual?

Thunder in January around Washington, D.C. is not common, but certainly not unheardof. Particularly during La Nina years like this one, strong cold fronts with very mild air out ahead of them occur during the winter, setting the stage for possible thunderstorms.

Jason is currently the Washington Post’s weather editor. A native Washingtonian, Jason has been a weather enthusiast since age 10.


Success! Check your inbox for details. You might also like:

Please enter a valid email address

See all newsletters

Show Comments
Most Read


Success! Check your inbox for details.

See all newsletters

Your Three. Videos curated for you.
Play Videos
Don’t be ‘that’ sports parent | On Parenting
Miss Manners: The technology's changed, but the rules are the same
A flood of refugees from Syria but only a trickle to America
Play Videos
John Lewis, 'Marv the Barb' and the politics of barber shops
Kids share best advice from mom
Using Fitbit to help kids lose weight
Play Videos
This man's job is binge-watching for Netflix
Transgender swimmer now on Harvard men's team
Portland's most important meal of the day
Play Videos
5 ways to raise girls to be leaders
How much can one woman eat?
The signature drink of New Orleans