The Washington Post

New postage stamps mark Civil War anniversary

The U.S. Postal Service is marking the anniversary by releasing the first of several postage stamps to be released through 2015 to coincide with key moments in the war’s history.

The first two stamps (see above and below) depict the battle at Fort Sumter and the battle at Bull Run near Manassas, Va.

The Postal Service held a first-day-of-issue event Tuesday at Liberty Square in Charleston, S.C., within earshot of where the war began.

The Civil War led to several changes in American mail delivery. The then-U.S. Post Office Department permitted Union soldiers to write “Soldier’s Letter” on the envelope because it was difficult to locate postage. Once delivered, postage was collected from the recipient.

According to the USPS historian, in July 1863, postage rates were simplified and free home deliveries began in the nation’s largest cities. A year later, the postal money order system began, making it safer for soldiers to send money back home.

The Confederacy also established its own post office system in February 1861, and it quickly recruited southern men working in the Post Office Department in Washington. Many of them brought along copies of postal reports, maps and other supplies.

The United States banned exchange of mail between the North and South in August 1861, but many smugglers carried mail illegally across borders, according to USPS. Prisoner-of-war mail was exchanged at designed points under a flag-of-truce.

RELATED: The Washington Post’s Civil War 150 coverage

RELATED: Federal Eye coverage of the U.S. Postal Service

Ed O’Keefe is covering the 2016 presidential campaign, with a focus on Jeb Bush and other Republican candidates. He's covered presidential and congressional politics since 2008. Off the trail, he's covered Capitol Hill, federal agencies and the federal workforce, and spent a brief time covering the war in Iraq.


Success! Check your inbox for details. You might also like:

Please enter a valid email address

See all newsletters

Show Comments
Most Read


Success! Check your inbox for details.

See all newsletters

Your Three. Videos curated for you.
Play Videos
Making family dinnertime happen
How to make Sean Brock's 'Heritage' cornbread
A veteran finds healing on a dog sled
Play Videos
Drawing as an act of defiance
In search of the Delmarva fox squirrel
The most interesting woman you've never heard of
Play Videos
This man's job is binge-watching for Netflix
The Post taste tests Pizza Hut's new hot dog pizza
5 tips for using your thermostat
Play Videos
Philadelphia's real signature sandwich
5 ways to raise girls to be leaders
Full disclosure: 3 bedrooms, 2 baths, 1 ghoul