Asian Americans, along with whites, outperform other minority groups on educational success by large margins across states, a new report finds.
That disparity was measured using the newly introduced Race for Results Index, created by the Annie E. Casey Foundation, which for a quarter century has collected data on educational achievement by race and state. The new index is based off 12 measures, such as early-childhood enrollment, test scores throughout childhood, poverty, and degree achievement. Nationally, Asians scored highest, followed relatively closely by whites. Latinos were a distant third, followed by American Indians and blacks.
“Differences in opportunity are evident from the earliest years of a child’s life,” the report’s authors write. “Too often, children of color grow up in environments where they experience high levels of poverty and violence. Such circumstances derail healthy development and lead to significant psychological and physiological trauma.”
Blacks are falling behind in nearly every state, with the lowest scores belonging to states in the South and Midwest. The states with the highest-achieving blacks students are Hawaii, New Hampshire, Utah and Alaska — all states with a relatively small black population.
Data for American Indians were only available in 25 states, but the results were similar: they lagged behind especially in the Midwest, Southwest and Mountain States. But there were differences among tribes. About one in five Apache children are likely to live in families at or above 200 percent of the poverty level, compared to one in every two Choctaw children.
Latinos fared the best among the worst performers, still giving “cause for deep concern,” the report’s authors write. Asian-American children consistently scored among the highest, the report finds. There was very little variation across states among white children, who in some states are the highest scorers.
We made the animated GIF’s above and below from maps and charts in the report. You can find more detail in the report itself.