Some decisions were incremental, granting gay couples partial or temporary rights on the grounds that a given state’s ban is likely to be overturned. Others were much more direct: same-sex marriage bans were found to be unconstitutional. In all, the judicial thinking behind the Windsor decision played a key role.
Here’s a look at the 13 federal court decisions that have, in some significant way, ruled against state same-sex marriage bans since then.
(Note: This list is limited to federal rulings. Some have gone into effect, allowing gay couples to marry even as states defend bans; others have been put on hold until the case is resolved, possibly by the Supreme Court.)