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Chart: Eleven states will have breached a $9 minimum wage by 2018

(Note: Changes in New York and West Virginia go into effect Dec. 31, the rest begin on the first of the given month.)

California on Tuesday became the third state to mandate a minimum wage of at least $9, but several more plan to follow suit within the next four years.

Only Oregon and Washington have higher state minimum wages, at $9.10 and $9.32 respectively. California’s new $9 minimum wage went into effect Tuesday (as did a $9.50 minimum wage in D.C.). But by July 1, 2018, eight states will hike their minimum wages to at least California’s level, if not well beyond.

Eleven states in all have plans to raise their minimum wage between now and then, according to a list maintained by the National Conference of State Legislatures. Nine — California, Connecticut, Hawaii, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota (at least for large employers), New York and Vermont — will have wages above $9. In all but three — Minnesota, Michigan and New York — the minimum wages will be above $10. One, Massachusetts, will have an $11 minimum wage.

In light of federal inaction on the issue over the past few years, several states have acted in recent months to enact higher minimum wages. Nine states have enacted increases this year alone. They are Connecticut, Delaware, Hawaii, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Vermont and West Virginia (D.C. has, too). Many more — 34 states — have considered it, according to the NCSL.

The next states with plans to raise their minimum wage to at least $9 will do so Jan. 1. Massachusetts’ minimum will rise to $9, while the minimum wage in Connecticut and Vermont will rise to $9.15. Here’s a list of all the planned changes, according to NCSL.

(Note: The counts cited here are limited to states with explicit plans to hike their minimum wages. More states may breach the $9, $10, and $11 levels due to provisions that automatically adjust minimum wages according to various formulas.)


  • Minnesota (small employers): $6.5
  • Minnesota (large employers): $8


  • Michigan: $8.15


  • New York: $8.75
  • West Virginia: $8


  • Connecticut: $9.15
  • Hawaii: $7.75
  • Maryland: $8
  • Massachusetts: $9
  • Vermont: $9.15


  • Delaware: $8.25


  • D.C.: $10.5
  • Maryland: $8.25


  • Minnesota (small employers): $7.25
  • Minnesota (large employers): $9


  • New York: $9
  • West Virginia: $8.75


  • California: $10
  • Connecticut: $9.6
  • Hawaii: $8.5
  • Massachusetts: $10
  • Michigan: $8.5
  • Vermont: $9.6


  • D.C.: $11.5
  • Maryland: $8.75


  • Minnesota (small employers): $7.75
  • Minnesota (large employers): $9.5


  • Connecticut: $10.1
  • Hawaii: $9.25
  • Massachusetts: $11
  • Michigan: $8.9
  • Vermont: $10


  • Maryland: $9.25


  • Hawaii: $10.1
  • Michigan: $9.25
  • Vermont: $10.5


  • Maryland: $10.1
Niraj Chokshi is a general assignment reporter for The Washington Post.



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