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Some of the thousands of state laws taking effect today, part two

More new state laws taking effect Tuesday:

Iowa: Residents diagnosed with epilepsy will be able to seek treatment with cannabidiol, a non-psychoactive medicine derived from marijuana. E-cigarette regulations take effect today, and state and local officials can no longer use drones to enforce traffic laws. Another new law allows gift certificates to be used indefinitely, and protective orders can now extend to household pets. One more requires the Iowa National Guard to begin filing annual reports with the governor and the legislature detailing incidents of sexual assault.

Kansas: Any local measures placing new restrictions on guns are void as of Tuesday, under a new law that makes state rules supersede local ordinances. Gun owners will be able to openly carry in a number of public places. Meanwhile, pharmacists will be allowed to work in conjunction with physicians to improve patient access to care.

Kentucky: Kentucky residents have to wait an extra two weeks for about 100 new state laws to take effect. As of July 15, anyone who receives an emergency protective order will be able to receive a temporary concealed-carry permit without normal safety training. Businesses that collect personal information about their consumers will be required to let those consumers know if their data has been breached. And nurses with advanced licenses will be able to prescribe low-level medications without a physician’s help. General Electric is a big winner in Kentucky, too: The company is getting a $15 million tax break in exchange for a plant in Louisville.

Maryland: Sales of 190-proof grain alcohol are prohibited starting Tuesday, a measure lawmakers hope will stem sexual assaults on college campuses. The earned income tax credit will increase by half a percentage point, saving about 250,000 Marylanders money on their state taxes. And the first step toward a $10.10 minimum wage takes effect Tuesday, though most businesses won’t have to begin paying higher wages until January.

Minnesota: E-cigarettes will be banned in day care centers, hospitals and other health care facilities. Dealers who sell used cell phones must keep detailed records of their sales. Anyone who seeks help for a heroin user will be immune from drug possession charges, and the University of Minnesota will get more than $1.1 million to study bees and pesticides that impact them.

Mississippi: Abortions after 20 weeks are illegal under a new law taking effect Tuesday, with exceptions for severe fetal abnormality or if the health of the mother is at risk. The state seal will include “In God We Trust” beginning Tuesday, and teachers get a $1,500 raise. A law that would require drug tests for TANF recipients was supposed to take effect Tuesday, but it’s been delayed under an agreement with the state ACLU.

Nebraska: School districts in Nebraska will be required to post superintendent employment contracts beginning Tuesday. And the state is getting ready for its sesquicentennial — its 150th birthday — in 2017. A new commission to prepare celebrations gets formally established today.

Reid Wilson covers national politics and Congress for The Washington Post. He is the author of Read In, The Post’s morning tip sheet on politics.

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