One in five children received food stamps last year, a higher figure than before the recession began, data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s Families and Living Arrangements study released Wednesday found.

The Census Bureau estimates 16 million children received food stamp assistance in 2014, compared with 9 million children in 2007. The data also categorized children based on living arrangements and found children who live with their mother only make up the largest portion.

From 2007 to 2014, the number of children who received food stamps and lived with a mother only rose from 5.5 million to 8.1 million, while the number of children who live with two married parents and received food stamps rose from 2.7 million to 5.2 million in the same time frame.

In 2014, there were also 1.2 million children who received food stamps and lived with two unmarried parents, and nearly 1.5 million in other living arrangements — living with a father only or living with no parents present.

Last year, following cuts to food stamps, governors in eight states used a loophole in a farm bill to allow residents to remain on food stamps despite cuts made by Congress.

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