Fathers are either all in, feeling like they’re working harder at parenting than ever, or not engaged according to a major new study on fatherhood just released by the Pew Research Center.

“A Tale of Two Fathers: More Are Active, but More Are Absent,” out this afternoon, found two divergent trends. Although most of today’s dads are much more hands-on than previous generations of fathers, a much higher percentage — 27 percent — are not living with their children.

From the report:

“Almost all fathers who live with their children take an active role in their day-to-day lives through activities such as sharing meals, helping with homework, and playing. Fathers who live apart from their children are much less likely to be involved in these types of activities.”

At the same time, more than half of respondents said it’s harder to be a father now than ever before.

Pew examined data from its survey and the Center for Disease Control and Prevention’s National Survey of Family Growth to come up with the results.

What’s your experience? How are you a modern father? Are you working harder at parenting than you thought you would?