Senate and House lawmakers recently introduced the Startup Act 2.0, a proposal that would grant visas to foreign students who obtain graduate degrees in science, technology, engineering and math. The measure has garnered bicameral and bipartisan support, an increasingly rare feat as the election draws closer.

Proponents say the bill would help the United States bridge a widening gap between the supply and demand of workers with STEM degrees, but critics warn such immigration reform would allow foreign-born graduates to flood the job market and exacerbate the nation’s unemployment woes.