The West Wing of the White House is vanishing.
The front door and the Marine who guards it have disappeared behind a high green-and-white plywood fence. From Pennsylvania Avenue, all that’s visible is a sliver of second-floor roofline.
For years to come, the front yard at 1600 Pennsylvania will remain a noisy building site, say officials in charge of the White House’s “Big Dig.”
The White House describes the job as an overdue upgrade of underground utilities. That includes water and sewer lines, electrical conduits, pipes for chilled and hot water and steam heat systems, and storm sewers. Heating, air conditioning and fire alarm systems are being replaced. Some systems are getting backups.
A mysterious tunnel is being built, too.
Crews have poured huge concrete pylons, erected retaining walls and brought in truckloads of steel I-beams. The construction site has expanded from in front of the West Wing around to the side and across a parking lot to the next-door Eisenhower Executive Office Building.
Inevitably, the work has fueled speculation that what’s really being built is some secret, new underground lair.
Fresh inquiries by The Associated Press to the General Services Administration, which is supervising the work, have elicited denials.
Spokeswoman Sahar Wali said the steel and concrete is needed “to create enough space and a pathway for replacement of the new utilities infrastructure at the proper depth and location.” She said the construction is not putting in place long-standing plans for underground office space or an underground driveway entrance. She said it will not involve the Presidential Emergency Operations Center, the hardened bunker under the East Wing that’s a shelter for nuclear attack.
As for that tunnel, she said it’s not a new shelter — just a means of maintaining access to the utilities.
West Wing officials, especially those with offices nearest the construction, have endured painful spells of drilling and banging. Holding meetings and doing routine business amid the din has become a major challenge.
For example, Josh Earnest, a deputy in the press office, found himself doing phone interviews on President Barack Obama’s State of the Union speech as a worker jackhammered concrete inches from his window. The next day, when a second jackhammer arrived, he phoned project managers to beg for a reprieve. The work was postponed.
“They have been very respectful of the fact that we still have to keep an important operation running here,” Earnest said.
Visitors to the West Wing now must navigate a temporary walkway that curves behind Pebble Beach — as the zone where TV reporters do standups is called — and arches over the digging before swinging out of view behind the construction fence.
Foreign leaders arriving by motorcade often have to use another entrance. Beyond the main West Wing driveway, the construction has shut down one entrance leading to the White House residence quarters that’s used for deliveries of flowers, produce and other supplies.
That fencing has cost some of the most coveted offices in America their sweeping views.
“I’ve threatened to go spray paint (it) and make it a little bit more esthetically pleasing,” said then-press secretary Robert Gibbs before he packed up and left.
For most of those who work in the White House complex, the noise is the worst part. In addition to the jackhammers and bulldozers, a heavy crane that drills large earthen cores is the biggest offender, shivering and clanking as it shakes off dirt after each bore. TV correspondents facing nearby cameras have to shout to be heard.
Alas, the noise won’t be going away any time soon.
The West Wing dig is but the first step in a multiphase project that will eventually progress across the White House grounds — and last for a total of four years.
Its scope can be gleaned from its hefty cost: $376 million. Of that, $86 million is just for the West Wing.
Complicating the job is the need to preserve the historic building and grounds. That’s meant retaining an archaeologist to consult on what’s dug up. The National Park Service painstakingly has removed historic trees and is caring for them elsewhere. When everything’s finished, the entire North Lawn is supposed to be returned to its original state.
One other possibility the massive utility job has raised is that additional work will be required inside the West Wing, with some occupants relocated for the duration. That’s what happened when the press room and basement Situation Room complexes were renovated in 2006.
But that’s a possibility officials resolutely refuse to discuss. “GSA does not develop construction schedules for projects that are not funded,” Wali said, adding that only exterior work and utility tie-ins are planned “at this time.”