The Washington Post

Bayard Rustin: A civil rights hero before his time

A decade before Rosa Parks's arrest for refusing to give up her seat on a Montgomery, Alabama bus, police dragged Bayard Rustin off a bus in Tennessee for the same act of protest. When pressed about why he was resisting segregation, Rustin gestured to a young white boy seated at the front of the bus. “If I sit in the back,” Rustin said, “I am depriving that child of the knowledge that there is injustice here, which I believe is his right to know.”

In this Sept. 18, 1963 file photo, author James Baldwin, right, and Bayard Rustin, deputy director of the March on Washington, talk about civil rights incidents in Alabama during a news conference in New York. (AP/AP)

But in America, in the 1950s and 1960s, no label stuck to Rustin quite like "homosexual." As an openly gay man, Rustin was attacked by everyone -- congressmen and activists, black and white -- simply for living openly. Yet, at a time when few others would, Rustin proudly wore that label.

To Rustin, fighting for his equality as a black man, while leaving his identity as a gay man unspoken, would have been an unthinkable betrayal. It was his firm belief that silence about either identity meant he accepted the system of discrimination that allowed hatred about both to persist.

Long before it was easy or safe, Rustin was motivated to live openly. He could have hidden the fact that he was gay. When confronted about it, he could have lied — that's what everyone did in those days. But Rustin was exceptional. He lived openly because to do otherwise would be a missed opportunity in exposing the injustice and intolerance he, along with other members of the LGBT community, experienced.

Despite a lifetime lived in service to justice and nonviolence, Rustin's legacy was marginalized by his sexuality. His 1987 New York Times obituary demonstrated the evasive language about LGBT people that was all too common in the media just a few short years ago. The obituary skirted the topic of his being gay and referred to his longtime partner by euphemism only. Even today, his name is not nearly as well known as the other greats of the Civil Rights movement.

As America continues to celebrate Black History Month and as we visit the state of equality and justice in America during this historic anniversary year for the fight for equality, we should not forget trailblazers like Rustin. Let us uplift the stories of LGBT African-Americans who felt and still feel the burdens of discrimination — those whose very lives illustrate the insistent fact that the fight to treat all people equally is both this country's greatest accomplishment and its greatest unfinished obligation.

Today, the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, the nation's oldest civil rights organization, and the Human Rights Campaign, the nation's largest LGBT civil rights organization, are proud to work together toward equality. And we're proud that President Obama used his second inaugural address to link the Civil Rights movement and the LGBT Equality movement just last month.

But long before a president like Barack Obama was even possible, Rustin was preaching an equal future. We shouldn't forget his sacrifice, and the greatest tribute to his legacy would be to finish his work. 

Benjamin Todd Jealous is President/CEO of the NAACP and Chad Griffin is president of the Human Rights Council. This article – the seventh of a multi-part series - is written in commemoration of the 50th Anniversary of the Lawyers’ Committee for Civil Rights Under Law. For more information, please visit

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