The eight-day Israeli operation in Gaza in November 2012, dubbed “Pillar of Defense,” saw the mobilization of some 75,000 Israeli reservists — the biggest of its kind since the 1973 Yom Kippur War. A full ground invasion never occurred, but under its looming threat, Israel pounded suspected Hamas positions in the Gaza Strip, leading to at least 158 Palestinian fatalities, according to U.N. figures. Eli Yishai, Israel’s Interior Minister at the time, said “the goal of the operation is to send Gaza back to the Middle Ages. Only then will Israel be calm for 40 years.”
Read full story: When Israel raised the heat on Gaza before, civilian casualties soared
CIVILIANS SUFFER MOST
The Israeli human rights organization B’Tselem found that four times as many Palestinian civilians died in that offensive’s last four days as they did in its first four, a sign that Israel’s escalation of hostilities wasn’t as surgical as the IDF repeatedly claims. Hamas and Israel declared separate cease-fires; during the eight days of the operation, Hamas fired over 1,500 rockets into Israel, killing five Israeli civilians. Despite the offensive, Israel has not had four years of “calm” since, let alone 40.
– Ishaan Tharoor