The United States has a record number of job openings, another sign workers have greater opportunity to find better jobs, according to new data the Labor Department released Tuesday.
The nation now has more than one job opening for every unemployed person, a dramatic turnaround from the Great Recession, when there were more than six unemployed people for every job on offer, the Labor Department said. Unemployment was at 3.7 percent in September, the lowest level since 1969.
“The labor market is booming. It’s beyond almost anyone’s measure of full employment,” said Mary Daly, president of the San Francisco Federal Reserve, in a speech Tuesday.
Economists and employment experts say now is an ideal time for workers to look for a new job or ask their current employer for a raise or promotion, as so many businesses complain they cannot find enough employees, especially ones with skills and industry knowledge.
“If you are thinking of quitting, go to your boss, and I bet they give you big money to stay. Try it, you’ve nothing to lose,” wrote Chris Rupkey, chief financial economist at MUFG Union Bank in a morning note to clients. He called this “one of the biggest mismatches in history between help wanted and labor available.”
The U.S. economy is strong by most measures — Federal Reserve Chair Jerome H. Powell has even called it “extraordinary” — but wages are still growing slowly.
The last time unemployment was about this low in the late 1990s, wages were routinely growing around 4 percent or more. In August, wage growth hit 2.9 percent — the highest in nine years, but still disappointing by historical standards.
Economists keep predicting wages will rise since it is getting more and more difficult for companies to find workers, but many employers have opted to give one-time bonuses or extra perks like working from home or free coffee in the office instead of upping hourly pay.
Some say the decline of unions and an erosion of workers rights is making it harder for employees to ask for more pay or a promotion. Business leaders often point out the cost of health care has risen sharply so the money that might have gone for a traditional raise has been going to pay for that. Still, there is growing consensus workers are likely to have more leverage in today’s labor market to get what they want.
“If you’re currently looking for a job, the strong August JOLTS report suggests you have more negotiating power than you might think,” Indeed Hiring Lab economist Nick Bunker said, referring to the Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey.
Many employees also say they are “underemployed.” The number of Americans stuck in part-time jobs who want full-time work still is not back to a pre-recession low. While there are a record number of job openings, employers sometimes still hesitate to hire someone they have to train or who has gaps in their employment record.
For much of the recovery, people who switched jobs were more likely to get higher pay than those who stayed, according to Automatic Data Processing, the company that processes millions of Americans' paychecks. But that has changed lately.
Workers who stay and new entrants into the labor force are now getting about the same pay bumps as workers who job hop, according to the latest ADP Workforce Vitality Report. This is especially true for workers ages 25 to 34, who ADP says are receiving wage increases of over 8 percent, on average, whether they change jobs or remain in their current role.