Q: I’ve been researching foundation types for both new homes and room additions. I’ve narrowed it down to either poured concrete or concrete block. Many websites say poured concrete is better than concrete block. What’s your opinion? Have you worked with both materials? — Carol Ann S., Richmond.

A: Poured concrete and concrete block are the two foundation types that dominate the residential construction industry in the United States.

I've built buildings using both materials. The last home I built for my family had a giant poured concrete foundation, but in the backyard I used concrete block to build a magical serpentine retaining wall that looks as good today as the day I built it decades ago.

Here's the truth. You can build a poured concrete foundation that can crack and cave in within a year, and you can build a concrete block foundation that can last for hundreds of years with no failure whatsoever. Reinforcing steel is what determines success in the battle between the foundation walls and Mother Nature.

If you want a superstrong concrete block foundation, you need to include both horizontal steel reinforcing wire and, in the cores, vertical reinforcing steel that extends up from the concrete footing. The cores of the concrete block need to be filled solid with strong concrete that has small pea-sized aggregate.

Poured concrete foundations also require reinforcing steel if you want the walls to resist the horizontal forces of wet soil. Another key point to remember is that foundation walls buried in the ground are nothing more than retaining walls. They stop the soil from cascading into your basement.

Modern poured concrete foundation forms have revolutionized foundation construction. An experienced foreman with a small team of semiskilled laborers can set poured concrete foundation forms in the morning, and the concrete can be poured in the afternoon. The next day the forms can be stripped off and carpenters can get to work.

It would take a small army of masons to achieve the same results building with concrete block. Poured concrete is a huge time saver. Be sure you use lots of steel no matter which material you choose.

I’ve created a page at my website that has videos and photos of poured concrete and concrete block foundation installation. Go to: go.askthebuilder.com/pouredorblock.

Q: Tim, I’m desperate. My 1972 house was built in a flood plain. Twice in the last nine years, it’s had two feet of water in it, most recently from Hurricane Florence. I’m desperate to sell the house, but I doubt anyone will buy this turkey, nor should they. I didn’t understand what I was buying at the time. Can you help? What are my options? — Ann L., Chapel Hill, N.C.

A: Countless people have this problem. Watch the news after each natural disaster and you see images of destroyed or flooded homes. Recently, pictures in the news showed nothing but concrete slabs next to the shoreline of the Gulf of Mexico along the Florida panhandle. Hurricane Michael’s storm surge ground up the houses like a blender purees vegetables.

My college degree is in geology. I realize that not everyone had the good fortune to pursue this enlightening course of study. Several of the classes I took focused on flooding, earthquakes and other natural disasters that face homeowners. Sinkholes, landslides, debris flows and other things can wreak havoc in your life if you decide to build a home in a spot where things can go wrong.

There’s little I can do to help Ann other than advise her to schedule a meeting with the top three realtors in her neighborhood. I’m talking seasoned realtors who know what’s going on. They’ll be able to outline any options.

However, the best advice is to avoid buying or building a home on a lot that has a high or medium probability of being damaged by most disasters. You can get this advice by talking with a professional engineering geologist. These pros know the best and worst lots to build on in a city, town or region.

A consultation with one may cost several hundred dollars, but it's the absolute best insurance you can get to ensure your home, or what's left of it, isn't front and center on TV newscasts.

Tim Carter can call you on the phone for free to solve your problem. Go to his website and fill out the form on this page: askthebuilder.com/ask-tim/.