Meanwhile, the number of IRA millionaires increased to 170,400, a 25 percent surge year over year, according to Fidelity, one of the country’s largest administrators of workplace retirement accounts.
Put in perspective, 401(k) millionaires reported by Fidelity are a tiny percentage — about 1.1 percent — of workers who contribute to their employer-based plan. Still, the growth of this group is impressive 10 years after the financial crisis and during a time when the stock market has led to some significant losses — on paper, at least — for many people.
“What we've seen following the financial crisis is that most of the people who save in 401(k) retirement plan stayed the course,” said Katie Taylor, vice president of Thought Leadership at Fidelity. “And the rate at which people are saving continues to go up.”
Workers will be able to contribute up to $19,000 each year to a workplace plan such as a 401(k) or the federal government’s Thrift Savings Plan starting in 2019. If you are over 50, there is a catch-up provision that allows you to put away an extra $6,000 for a total contribution of up to $25,000 to an employer-sponsored retirement plan.
Also hitting an all-time high was the average balance for 401(k)s, which reached $106,500, up from $104,300 at the end of 2017. Since 2008, the average balance has skyrocketed 87 percent from $56,900. The average 403(b) account balance hit a record $85,500. The average IRA balance increased to $111,000, up 4 percent, according to Fidelity.
In addition, people are contributing a higher percentage of their pay. The average employee 401(k) contribution rate reached 8.7 percent for the third quarter this year.
Here are some additional findings from Fidelity’s analysis of the 22 million 401(k) and 403(b) savers in its overall workplace retirement platform.
- Among participants who have been in their 401(k) plan for 15 years, the average balance was $400,300.
- Workers who have been saving for 10 years had an average balance of $305,400.
- Young adults are saving, too. Millennials who have been investing in their employer plan for five years had an average balance of $82,000.
But, back to the 401(k) millionaires. Wondering how some folks have reached this milestone?
The key factors: time, consistency, investing in equities and not panicking when the stock market takes a downturn.
People have been investing most of their working life, and they did not leave money on the table, Taylor said.
“They're saving either at or beyond the 15 percent that we would recommend that people save throughout their career and that can be a combination of what they're putting in from their paycheck as well as any matching contribution from their employer,” she said.
Even as they bought homes or had children, they faithfully kept saving. Most importantly, they didn’t let bear markets — a time of falling stock prices — scare them into selling.
“Even though the market goes up and down, equities historically have outperformed other types of investments,” Taylor said. “And when you think about a 401(k), especially if you’re starting earlier in your career, you really do have time on your side.
By the way, the millionaires aren’t just people earning six-figure salaries.
“My husband and I have both achieved millionaire status, despite spending most of our careers at public universities and earning relatively modest salaries as a professor and a social worker,” wrote Virginia from New York. “The key is to start participating in the retirement savings plan in your first job and maximize contributions whenever possible. Follow Warren Buffett’s rule of living on 90 percent of your after-tax income, and save at least 10 percent.”
One reader wrote that he hit the millionaire mark by the time he was 50. His strategy was to set his contributions to increase automatically.
“I increased my contributions 1 percent every year until I hit the limit,” he wrote. “Since I didn’t have the money as income yet, I didn’t miss it.”
Tempted to hate on the millionaires? Don’t. Just follow their lead.