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What’s in Biden’s $1.9 trillion emergency coronavirus plan

The rescue proposal covers a national vaccination program, direct aid for struggling families and relief for small businesses and communities

President-elect Joe Biden revealed his $1.9 trillion emergency relief plan on Jan. 14, which included aid to American families, businesses and communities. (Video: The Washington Post, Photo: Demetrius Freeman/The Washington Post)

Biden administration officials unveiled the details of a sprawling $1.9 trillion rescue package on Thursday, proposing an extensive response to the coronavirus pandemic and its devastating grip on the nation’s economy.

The Biden plan directs roughly $400 billion to fighting the public health crisis, including through a national vaccination program, scaling up testing and contact tracing and providing paid sick leave to contain the virus’s spread, senior Biden administration officials told reporters ahead of the speech. To fill the lingering holes in the economic recovery, the plan also includes more than $1 trillion in direct aid to struggling families by increasing stimulus checks to $2,000, extended unemployment insurance, rental protections and nutrition assistance. The Biden proposal also allocates $440 billion to small-businesses, local communities and transit systems on the brink.

Read through Biden’s emergency coronavirus plan

Less than a week before Biden takes office, the proposal comes at a consequential time for the country. More than 4,200 people had died as a result of the coronavirus on Tuesday, a new daily-record high. Fears that the economic recovery is losing ground are mounting as nearly a million people filed for unemployment last week and the country lost jobs in December, marking the first decline since the recovery began in May.

Biden officials stress that the plan unveiled this week is meant to be passed quickly and will be followed by a broader recovery package that includes other Democratic priorities later.

“The decisions we make in the next few weeks and months are going to determine whether we thrive in a way that benefits all Americans or that we stay stuck in place where those at the top do great [while] economic growth for everyone else is just a spectator sport," Biden said in a speech Thursday unveiling the proposals.

Here’s what’s in the $1.9 trillion package:

Pandemic response: $400 billion

  • National vaccination program: The plan invests $20 billion toward a vaccination program in partnership with states, localities, tribes and territories. That effort includes propping up community vaccination centers and mobile vaccination units in remote areas.
  • Expanded testing: The proposal allocates $50 billion to expand testing, cover the purchase of rapid tests, expand lab capacity and help schools and local governments with testing protocols.

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  • Emergency paid leave: The plan calls for expanding access to emergency paid leave for millions of Americans and paid sick and family and medical leave for parents juggling child care responsibilities.
  • School funding: The proposal sets aside $130 billion to help schools reopen. The funds can be used to reduce class sizes and modify spaces for social distancing, improve ventilation and provide personal protective equipment. In higher education, roughly $35 billion in funding would go to public institutions, including community colleges and historically Black colleges.
  • Health workers: The proposal also funds 100,000 public health workers to carry out vaccine outreach and contact tracing. It also seeks to tackle health disparities, particularly in communities of color that have been disproportionately hit by the pandemic. The proposal includes funding for health services in underserved populations, including on tribal lands.

Direct relief to struggling families: $1 trillion

  • Stimulus checks: The proposal covers $2,000 stimulus checks — specifically, $1,400 in direct funds on top of the $600 in aid approved by lawmakers last month. Disagreement over the size of stimulus checks nearly imperiled the previous stimulus package after President Trump held up signing the bill over his demands for larger checks. Many Republican lawmakers have opposed $2,000 payments, saying the larger checks would benefit too many families with high incomes who are not bearing the brunt of the economic downturn.

Here’s how $2,000 stimulus checks would work, and who would qualify

  • Expanded unemployment benefits: The $900 billion law passed by lawmakers in December provided $300 in unemployment benefits through mid-March, raising concerns about a looming cliff while millions of Americans were still out of work and many jobs, particularly those in service sectors, may not return until the health crisis ends. The Biden plan increases the benefits to $400 per week and extends the program through September. The proposal would also extend assistance for people who have exhausted their regular benefits, as well as those who do not typically qualify for unemployment insurance programs, including self-employed people and gig workers.
  • Eviction protection: The plan extends eviction and foreclosure moratoriums to the end of September. Biden is also proposing an additional $25 billion in rental assistance on top of the $25 billion allocated in the bill passed by Congress in December. It also calls for $5 billion to help people cover home energy and water costs and $5 billion in emergency assistance to find housing for people experiencing, or at risk of, homelessness.
  • Addressing the hunger crisis: The Biden proposal extends the 15 percent increase in monthly Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) benefits approved by lawmakers last month to the end of September. The plan also covers a $3 billion investment in Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC).
  • Minimum wage: Biden’s proposal also calls on Congress to raise the minimum wage to $15 per hour.
  • Expand child tax credit: The plan includes a significant expansion of an existing tax credit for children in poor and middle-class households. Biden is calling for the child tax credit to be fully refundable for the year and to increase the credit to $3,000 per child ($3,600 for a child under age 6) and make 17 year-olds qualifying children for the year.

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Support for communities and small businesses: $440 billion

  • Help for small businesses: The plan provides $15 billion in grants for small businesses. The proposal would also attempt to leverage $35 billion in funds into $175 billion for loans for small businesses.
  • Aid to local governments: Biden is pushing for $350 billion in emergency funding for state, local and territorial governments to keep front-line workers paid, distribute vaccines, increase testing and reopen schools. Democrats have long pushed for direct relief for state and local governments facing serious budget shortfalls, including in places that rely heavily on the tourism or energy industries. Republicans have resisted calls for state and local aid, saying it should only be approved as part of a package that includes sweeping legal protections for firms from coronavirus-related lawsuits.
  • Relief for transit systems: The proposal calls for $20 billion toward hard-hit transit agencies that will keep workers on the payrolls and avoid service cuts.
  • Supporting tribal governments: Biden’s plan would direct $20 billion to support tribal governments’ pandemic response and increase access to personal protective equipment, Internet connectivity, clean water and electricity in Indian Country.