Former General Motors chairman and chief executive Daniel Akerson has returned to the Carlyle Group, where he held a top position as head of its global buyout fund.

Akerson, 65, began March 1 as vice chairman and special adviser to Carlyle’s board of directors. He will be based at its Washington headquarters, the private-equity firm announced Friday.

His new role is giving “operational, investment and management guidance to Carlyle’s investment teams, firm management ,” according to the announcement.

Akerson was chief executive of General Motors from 2010 until this year, overseeing its recovery from bankruptcy to profitability. GM named Mary T. Barra to succeed him, becoming the first woman to lead a major automaker.

A former officer on a U.S. Navy destroyer, he is personal friends with some of Carlyle’s senior managers, including co-founder William E. Conway, Jr., who is also Carlyle’s chief investment officer.

“It is a delight to welcome Dan back to Carlyle,” said Daniel A. D’Aniello, Carlyle co-founder and board chairman. “His remarkable depth of leadership experience will be a great asset.”

The McLean resident has a long history of experience in the telecomunications field, including the top job at MCI Communications, General Instruments, Nextel and XO Communications.

Akerson graduated from the U.S. Naval Academy and has a master’s degree in economics from the London School of Economics.

Capital Business is The Post’s weekly publication focusing on the region’s business community.