A federal appeals court on Wednesday revived BP’s claims that a judge’s interpretation of a settlement over its 2010 oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico could force the company to pay billions of dollars for bogus or inflated claims by businesses.

A ruling by the Court of Appeals for the 5th Circuit threw out U.S. District Judge Carl Barbier’s rulings on the dispute between BP and attorneys who brokered the settlement in 2012. The court instructed Barbier to craft a ­“narrowly-tailored injunction that allows the time necessary for deliberate reconsideration of these significant issues.”

BP argued that Barbier and a court-appointed claims administrator misinterpreted terms of the settlement. Plaintiffs’ attorneys countered that BP under­estimated how many claimants would qualify for payments.