As comebacks go, this one was a couple of days in the making.
On Friday, the U.S. stock market rebounded from a deep slump earlier in the week to muster the first positive five-day stretch after three weeks of declines.
The day’s modest gains added to a strong finish for stocks a day earlier, which was enough for the Dow Jones industrial average to eke out a 0.6 percent gain for the week, while the S&P 500 index finished up 0.8 percent. Both are still down for the year.
The Dow Jones industrial average rose 165.55 points, or 1.1 percent, to 15,794.08. The Standard & Poor’s 500 rose 23.59 points, or 1.3 percent, to 1,797.02. The Nasdaq composite increased 68.74 points, or 1.7 percent, to 4,125.86.
Expedia led the gains in the S&P 500 index, surging 14 percent after reporting that its profit and revenue jumped as hotel bookings increased.
Friday’s rally didn’t seem likely to happen as the day got going.
A widely anticipated jobs report from the Labor Department showed that U.S. employers added 113,000 jobs last month, which is far below the average monthly gain of 194,000 in 2013. This followed December’s tepid increase of just 75,000.
The overall payroll figure disappointed markets, and index futures fell before regular stock trading began. Stocks moved higher in midmorning trading as investors dug deeper into the details of
the report, which also showed
that manufacturers, construction firms, and mining and drilling companies added a combined 76,000 jobs, a strong showing.
“The market had a tough time figuring out what to do with the [jobs] number when it first came out,” said J.J. Kinahan, chief strategist with TD Ameritrade. “As the day went on, it just kind of discounted some of the negatives in there to say, ‘What do we really want? We want a growing economy, and these are the jobs we got for a growing economy.’ ”
The government also reported that the nation’s unemployment rate dipped to 6.6 percent in January from 6.7 percent in December. It was the lowest rate since October 2008.
The market dug itself a hole at the start of the week, plunging more than 2 percent on Monday. The slide began with investor anxiety over an industry survey that found that manufacturing grew much more slowly in January than in December. Lackluster U.S. auto sales for January added to the bad news.
“This is sort of the new market we live in,” Kinahan said. “There are going to be gyrations where we’re higher, we’re lower, some quick corrections, some quick rallies. This is going to set a tone for the first half of the year.”