The tariffs, which Trump set in motion in March, are a response to China’s practice of compulsory technology licensing for foreign companies and its efforts to steal U.S. trade secrets via cybertheft, administration officials have said.
The president has blamed China for the loss of 60,000 U.S. factories and 6 million American jobs, numbers most economists regard as including the effects of increased manufacturing automation. He has identified reducing the $375 billion annual trade deficit with China as a key test of his “America First” trade strategy.
Although the import levies affect less than 10 percent of the $505 billion in Chinese goods that Americans buy each year, Trump’s new trade barriers mark a historic change after three decades of deepening ties between the world’s two largest economies.
The administration initially said that up to 1,300 products could be hit with the tariffs, which American importers pay and pass on to their customers.
Some new products will replace some original items on the list to be announced Friday. As a result, not all of the tariffs will go into effect at the same time, allowing for public comment on the new goods.
Robert E. Lighthizer, the president’s chief trade negotiator, has said that the tariff list would be designed to minimize the impact upon consumers.
Trump has resorted to tariffs with an enthusiasm not seen in an American president in at least 80 years. His import taxes on steel and aluminum have drawn protests from companies that use foreign-made metals, farmers who fear U.S. trading partners will retaliate against them and Republicans in Congress.
But his plan to crack down on China has drawn wider support.