A man exits a Wells Fargo bank in downtown Los Angeles in October. (Frederic J Brown/AFP/Getty Images)

Wells Fargo is calling for dozens of customers suing over bogus accounts opened by the bank’s employees to resolve the dispute through arbitration rather than federal court.

The lender also asked for the lawsuits, filed by 80 customers in Salt Lake City, to be thrown out. Wells Fargo noted in a filing Wednesday that a judge in a similar class-action lawsuit in Northern California has already ruled that arbitration agreements can be enforced.

The San Francisco-based bank has faced a torrent of criticism and the ire of regulators after agreeing to pay $185 million in September to settle claims that employees opened potentially more than 2 million unauthorized accounts. It fired 5,300 workers over five years. John Stumpf resigned as chairman and chief executive in the wake of the scandal. Carrie Tolstedt, the executive in charge of the community banking unit, retired this year.

Three Utah customers sued in September shortly after the settlement was announced and blamed the scandal on the lender’s push to increase the number of accounts held by clients. That strategy, called cross-selling, is designed to boost the number of accounts on which the bank can collect fees. Wells Fargo vowed to eliminate sales goals linked by regulators to cross-selling.

The plaintiffs in the Utah lawsuit seek to represent other customers in a class action and to recover at least $5 million in damages from the bank. They said the company also should have to pay punitive damages for its failure to alert customers to the abuses for more than a year after it was sued by the Los Angeles city attorney.

The Securities and Exchange Commission, the Justice Department, state attorneys general and prosecutors’ offices, and congressional committees have started inquiries into the sales practices.

Congressional representatives lambasted Wells Fargo in September over concerns that the bank’s check of customers’ credit histories when unauthorized credit-card accounts were opened could have hurt their credit scores. That might have resulted in customers having to pay higher interest rates when they sought credit at other institutions.

Tim Sloan, who replaced Stumpf as CEO, promised to “make it right.” He said in October that the bank’s “intent is to err on the side of the customer.” He said the bank would refund customers with damaged credit scores who got Wells Fargo loans.

The lender has had a harder time courting new customers for some parts of its retail banking business. New credit-card applications dropped by half to 200,000 in October. Customers opened 44 percent fewer new checking accounts, Wells Fargo said.

The bank launched a national advertising campaign last month that attempted to show what actions it is taking to recover from the scandal and to prevent any more wrongdoing.

— Bloomberg News