Grad school, a leg up — in debt
It’s fitting that the College Board released its trends in college pricing just before Halloween. It’s frightening what many families are paying to help their children realize the American dream of a middle-income-or-better lifestyle.
The average annual sticker price for tuition and fees at public four-year colleges and universities increased 4.8 percent, to $8,655 over the past year. Prices increased 4.2 percent, to $29,056, at private nonprofit four-year schools. That’s not including room and board.
One chilling fact in the report often gets overlooked because there is so much focus on the cost of an undergraduate education.
In 2011-12, 67 percent of the $51.7 billion in student aid received by graduate students came from federal loans, yet federal loans accounted for just 38 percent of the $185.1 billion in aid received by undergraduates. This means graduate students — those enrolled in master’s or doctoral programs and those in fields such as law and medicine — are much more dependent on student loans.
And those graduate students taking out new loans from the federal government won’t be getting the same subsidized help they’ve have had access to in the past. The change is part of the federal government’s efforts to cut costs and reduce the deficit.
Students get a better deal under federal student loan programs than they do from other lenders. Federal Stafford loans have been either unsubsidized or subsidized. In the case of a subsidized Stafford loan — awarded based on financial need — the federal government pays the interest while the student is enrolled in school. With an unsubsidized loan, the student is responsible for the interest payments, which begin to accrue immediately, unless the borrower decides to defer these interest payments until after graduation. Most students take the latter option, in which case the interest is tacked onto the loan. This, of course, increases the loan’s cost.
As of July 1, new federal Stafford loans taken out by graduate students will all be unsubsidized. Graduate students can borrow $20,500 per academic year. Unless you make interest payments while you’re in school, the federal loans will accrue interest at a fixed rate of 6.8 percent.
“While many graduate students, particularly those in the sciences and engineering, complete graduate school with little or no debt, the data indicate that a growing number of graduate students are not that fortunate,” says a report by the Council of Graduate Schools. “The increased reliance on student loans to finance graduate education, combined with the elimination of subsidized Stafford loans for graduate students, increases in tuition and fees, and decreasing or stagnant support for higher education in many states suggest that debt levels will continue to rise. Many graduates are already entering the workforce saddled with debt that exceeds their annual salaries, and without changes to existing financial aid policies, more graduates will be in this position.”
In its report, the council recommended that the federal government, state governments, universities and businesses work together to help students earn advanced degrees without incurring massive debt. For example, the organization has recommended a tax break that would encourage employer-provided assistance for graduate studies.
Until there are policy changes, if you’re a recent college graduate loaded down with a lot of undergraduate loans and no good job prospects, the default move shouldn’t be, “I’ll just go to graduate school.”
Think of the expression, “When you are in a hole, stop digging.” Don’t accumulate more loans. Investigate first whether a graduate degree in your field of study and in the job market is worth the debt load you’ll amass.
If you’re working, save up the cash for graduate school. Yes, I’m aware this will take time. But take the time unless you are prepared to burden yourself with decades of debt. Or look for an employer who will fully fund your graduate education or help subsidize some of your studies.
In the current job market and economy, an undergraduate degree is often not enough education for many fields. I get this. But I also know from the numerous e-mails and conversations I have with people that a graduate degree doesn’t always produce a big enough increase in salary to offset the scary debt many graduate students take on.
Readers can write to Michelle Singletary c/o The Washington Post, 1150 15th St., NW, Washington, D.C. 20071. Her e-mail address is firstname.lastname@example.org. Comments and questions are welcome, but due to the volume of mail, personal responses may not be possible. Please also note comments or questions may be used in a future column, with the writer’s name, unless a specific request to do otherwise is indicated.