Google’s Chrome browser appears to be soaring up the charts, taking over the number two spot from Firefox in StatCounter’s latest global survey.

In October, Google CEO Larry Page announced that Chrome had 200 million active users, excellent growth considering the company announced 70 million active users at its 2010 I/O conference. The browser appears to have continued that torrid pace.

According to the survey, which measures Web usage as opposed to downloads, Chrome has 25.69 percent of the market; IE has 40.53 percent. Chrome also remained the number-two browser in Britain, a spot that StatCounter said it nabbed in July.

In the U.S., however, Firefox is still holding on to the second spot, with around 20 percent versus Chrome’s 17 percent. But Firefox has lost some of its market share as Chrome gains.

The results could also foreshadow a battle between Microsoft and Google against each other for the top spot, though Chrome admittedly has got quite a bit of catching up to do.

Related stories:

Chrome turns 3, Google celebrates Web’s history

Mozilla amps up fight against anti-piracy and Internet protection bills

Justice Department signs off on Google’s Admeld acquisition, says deal won’t hurt competition