This is a new and important piece about the controversy surrounding Virginia Gov. Ralph Northam (D) and the revelations that his 1984 medical school yearbook page included a racist photo. Northam initially said he was in the photo, but later said he wasn’t. However, he did say publicly for the first time that he had applied shoe polish to his face as part of a Michael Jackson costume that he wore in a 1984 dance competition. Northam has so far resisted widespread calls for him to resign.
This post was written by Christopher Emdin, an associate professor in the Department of Mathematics, Science and Technology at Teachers College, Columbia University. At the college, he also serves as director of the science education program and associate director of the Institute for Urban and Minority Education.
In addition, Emdin is a social critic, an intellectual and a science advocate who has written on race, culture, inequality and education in numerous publications and penned several books, including the 2017 bestseller, “For White Folks Who Teach In the Hood . . . and the Rest of Y’all Too.” Northam, it turns out, admired the book and urged others to read it.
Washington Post reporter Emma Brown spoke with Emdin a few years ago. He told her he is a native of Brooklyn and the Bronx who learned in public schools that if he wanted to succeed academically, he had to disavow the parts of himself that were inclined to challenge authority.
“You learn to suppress who you are, but more dangerous than suppression, you learn to devalue the things that make you you,” he told her.
He wrote in “For White Folks Who Teach in the Hood”:
If we are truly interested in transforming schools and meeting the needs of urban youth of color who are the most disenfranchised within them, educators must create safe and trusting environments that are respectful of students’ culture. Teaching the neoindigenous requires recognition of the spaces in which they reside, and an understanding of how to see, enter into and draw from these spaces.
This appeared on Emdin’s blog, and he gave me permission to publish it.
By Christopher Emdin
Less than eight months ago, after addressing a room of educators about teaching strategies to acknowledge and heal from a history of racism in education, I took a seat to hear Virginia Gov. Ralph Northam speak. After expressing his commitment to educational justice, he held my book, “For White Folks Who Teach In the Hood . . . and the Rest of Y’all Too,” and told the auditorium full of teachers and school leaders to “get this damn book.” It was a flattering endorsement of my work from an elected official. I was deeply humbled.
After the event, we shared an intimate moment where he mentioned that he played basketball in a desegregated school in a troubling time in Virginia’s past. He mentioned that his high school graduating class was mostly African American. He told me that his experiences during desegregation shaped him and his outlook on educational equity. In that moment, I was convinced he was one of the good guys. A politician who understood how race and class could not be swept under the rug and needed to be faced head on to provide a sound education for all young people.
After the event, I was invited to the Virginia governor’s mansion where Northam’s wife and I discussed education in Virginia and their shared belief that students of all races and creeds should have access to an education that instilled a sense of pride in their racial heritage and culture.
At one point, we stood in front of a painting of Barbara Rose Johns that hangs prominently in the mansion. In 1951, then 16-year-old Barbara led a strike for equal education in Virginia. She was a revolutionary whose protest led to one of the law cases that folded into the historic 1954 Brown vs Board of Education Supreme Court decision. Because of Barbara Rose Johns and people like her, “separate but equal” schooling was defeated in this country. Knowing that her portrait was chosen to adorn the walls of the mansion struck me deeply. I was convinced that it was chosen to represent what the governor and his wife stood for.
As we stood in this beautiful mansion before a painting that celebrated the life of a radical young black protester, I almost ignored the narrow set of steps just a few feet away that seemed much smaller than all the other stairs. I later learned those narrow steps had been reserved for “the help” in a past life of the mansion.
The short narrative I was told about the slave quarters housed right outside the main mansion’s windows didn’t mean much to me. What I held on to was the careful curation of stories and artifacts that were presented to me as a representation of the governor and what he stands for. I focused on the story of a young white boy in a mostly black school who was struck by inequity and injustice who went on to become a doctor and then a military officer, and then a governor who used his platform to fight for those who he had seen being wronged. This was a person who chose to have Barbara Rose Johns picture hang on the wall.
As news broke about the pictures that were in Northam’s medical school yearbook, I was stunned. However, what struck me the most was not the pictures themselves, but the reporting that the pictures were carefully curated by the governor. As an adult, after what he witnessed with the desegregation of schools, those images were what he chose to represent who he is. He selected them like Barbara Rose Johns portrait.
As I thought more deeply about the news story, I started wondering if he single-handedly curated this yearbook page. The answer — contrary to what some news reports said — is no. In many ways, the page from the yearbook was co-curated by this country.
That medical school yearbook page is vintage Americana.
America is white folks in blackface, Ku Klux Klan members, white dudes with carefree poses in front of a classic Corvette. The Corvette is America’s sports car. The KKK is America’s hate group. Jim Crow is America’s legacy. In 1984, when that yearbook page was put together, an aversion for blackness and a celebration of white supremacy was so accepted, it wasn’t questioned by the medical who put the yearbook together. This means that the underlying sentiment behind the picture was endorsed by an institution that abides by the Hippocratic oath that all doctor’s take “to partake of life fully and the practice of my art, gaining the respect of all men for all time.”
Today, as everyone indicts the governor for his racism and everyone professes to stew in anger at how he has let down his constituents, I am most disturbed by the ways that we allow folks to construct progressive public personas that are allowed to mask a problematic past even as the country endorses the past and the masking.
We have allowed people to use buzz words like “equity” and “social justice” to mask their racism. We have allowed sitting next to the right people or hanging the right painting to erase things they have done that cause pain. We have failed to allow folks to face their history and the part they play in what they profess to fight against. It is easy to advocate for something without acknowledging that you are part of what caused it. It is easy for the governor to denounce the hatred in Charlottesville in 2017 — when white supremacists, Ku Klux Klan members and neo-Nazis rioted — without acknowledging that he is a branch of the tree from where the hate grew.
Today, the unearthing of that abhorrent picture from the governor’s yearbook leads every black constituent to be framed as the Jim Crow image in the photo. It brings black folks in Virginia and beyond to feel the terror of being led by a Klansmen. Black folks will always question if this is how the governor sees them. They will never know who is leading them. Is it the local boy who learned from desegregation or the man who hates black people?
When a curated progressive persona reveals itself to be a new iteration of the same old racism, it hurts. It takes the wind out of the sails of black folks who thought they were headed to a promised land of equity and freedom with the support of an ally.
To the education community, this is why we focus on anti-racist teaching and the need for teachers to confront their past and present biases when working with communities of color.
In moments like these, I become more keenly aware of the racism that is being masked by carefully curated words. I grow increasingly more sensitive to disingenuous celebrations of Black History Month by folks who don’t see our history without their supremacy. I become more aware that created artifacts that look and sound good, such as equity-focused curriculum, when enacted by racist people, only serve to distract from racism and not address it.
Most importantly, I am keenly aware that racism has been deposited into the fabric of this country. It is in every fiber of the fabric we use to mask it. It is woven into portraits of Barbara Rose Johns, deeply embedded in equity-themed academic standards, present in stories of desegregation, and stamped into pedagogies of inclusion. It is worn by those who profess to be our strongest allies and we won’t know it until they reveal themselves or their pasts do.