(Illustration by Willie J. Allen Jr. for The Washington Post)

A California high schooler is challenging her school district, alleging that its decision to ban her from wearing a “Make America Great Again” hat on campus impinges on her First Amendment rights.

Clovis North High School senior Maddie Mueller is a member of Valley Patriots. The conservative activist group asked its affiliates to wear the well-known hat bearing President Trump’s campaign motto on Wednesday. Mueller said officials at the Fresno school told her the school dress code prohibited it, according to CBS affiliate KGPE.

Now, Mueller is fighting the district.

“To my knowledge Trump is not a logo; it’s a last name. It’s just our president. You can’t claim the president is a logo, sports team or affiliated with any gang,” she told KGPE. “How does being a patriot in trying to show pride in your country — how is that inappropriate?”

God Bless Fox News for sharing my story.

Posted by Maddie Mueller on Thursday, February 21, 2019

The First Amendment guarantees the freedom of speech, which includes phrases to convey political messages or certain offensive words. But that right is not absolute, particularly for a student in a public high school such as Clovis North High.

In 2014, another California school prohibited students from wearing American flag T-shirts on Cinco de Mayo, requiring the children to either change or leave campus. As The Washington Post reported, school officials anticipated the clothing would cause “substantial disruption because of previous altercations.”

The 9th Circuit Court upheld the decision, writing “school authorities [can reasonably] forecast substantial disruption of or material interference with school activities” stemming from the speech.

A 2018 Oregon lawsuit disputing a student’s suspension for wearing a shirt supporting construction of Trump’s border wall turned out differently. The school settled the case for $25,000 and an apology from the principal.

Clovis Unified School District Chief Communication Officer Kelly Avants told KGPE that the dress code is in place “for kids to feel safe at school and free of distractions so they can focus on learning."

“It’s unfortunate that our dress code is being misrepresented as specifically singling out a MAGA hat as that is not what the policy says,” she said in a statement to Fox News Thursday. “Unless causing an actual disruption on campus, MAGA apparel is acceptable, and this has been shared with the student."

Avants said the school’s dress code permits clothing with sayings or political commentary, but Mueller has also been reprimanded for violating the policy for wearing a T-shirt that read “build the wall,” according to KCBS-TV. She was also allegedly denied permission to wear another school-colored hat supporting Trump.

To that, Mueller told KCBS: “I don’t care if I offend anybody. I’m just showing support for the president and what I believe.”

Read more:

Robin Givhan: The MAGA hat is not a statement of policy. It’s an inflammatory declaration of identity.

Volokh Conspiracy blog: Not safe to display American flag in American high school

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