In mid-November, Danna Diaz, the superintendent of the Reynolds School District in Oregon, announced that Reynolds Middle School was reverting temporarily to remote learning — but not because of a high number of coronavirus cases. The reason: troubling behavior by students.

In a Nov. 16 letter to families, Diaz said that some students “are struggling with the socialization skills necessary for in-person learning, which is causing disruption in school for other students.”

“To ensure Reynolds Middle School has the necessary social-emotional supports and safety protocols in place to provide a safe learning environment for all students, the school will be temporarily transitioning to Short-Term Distance Learning for approximately two weeks,” she wrote.

During the closure of the school — which ends Dec. 7 — administrators, teachers and support staffers will work “to implement operational safety procedures for the return to in-person learning,” she wrote.

Reynolds is hardly the only school where students have been acting out since the 2021-2022 academic year began. The continuing pandemic upended the lives of Americans starting in spring 2020 and shuttered most schools for many months. Children and adolescents were isolated at home for months, and this fall brought the stress and anxiety they were carrying into school buildings.

Middle school has long been difficult for young people to navigate, in part because children are becoming adolescents and social pressures increase. Add to that complications — grief, mental health issues, etc. — brought on by the pandemic, and middle school right now may be more difficult than ever.

This piece looks at the struggles of middle school students and what adults can do to support them. It was written by Liz Willen, editor of the Hechinger Report, a nonprofit, independent news organization focused on equality and innovation in education. It appeared on the Hechinger Report website, and I was given permission to republish it.

By Liz Willen

To understand the pandemic’s impact on middle-schoolers, picture the pain of lunchtime. A bunch of uncomfortable adolescents are navigating social distancing rules while figuring out when and if to take down their masks. It’s not going well.

Some have given up eating lunch entirely, which worries Phyllis Fagell, a school counselor and author of the book, “Middle School Matters.” She knows this age group. And she knows all this anxiety is not just about masks.

It’s about everything.

“They feel really self-conscious and vulnerable,” said Fagell, who has observed a spike in eating disorders since students returned full-time this fall — one of many reentry issues educators are concerned about.

If being isolated at home last year was tough, it turns out being back full-time is also filled with challenges for our eye-rolling, head-shaking, serial-texting middle-schoolers, who are enduring a time of life I once deemed “the age of embarrassment.”

The pandemic left many of them behind, both academically and socially, at a most unfortunate phase: an awkward time when they are separating from parents and figuring out who they are and want to be. Their bodies and voices may feel as unfamiliar as their friend groups, after so much time apart or under strict pandemic limitations.

Middle-schoolers, studies confirm, are experiencing more trauma and mental health issues than ever before — something I heard plenty about during a recent virtual conference of the world’s largest association of middle school educators, at a time when major pediatric groups say the state of children’s mental health should be considered a national emergency.

“We should spend more time listening to them, and asking them [middle-schoolers] for insights,” said Lisa Harrison, an associate professor of teacher education at Ohio University, who spoke on a panel about what a successful middle school of the future might look like. “They are spot on with so many levels of what we should be doing.”

Many of the panelists underscored what the Hechinger Report has observed after many months of reporting on this age group: There’s a lot of work ahead to figure out how to help middle-schoolers heal, and their voices must be part of the discussion.

Students who spoke during the conference had plenty to say. They asked for more course choices, including classes in engineering, coding and additional languages like Arabic. They want a warm, welcoming environment, a space so safe and cozy they don’t want to leave. One wanted evidence that Black and Hispanic lives matter, another wanted ore life lessons and career training. Another said they do not appreciate being yelled at.

Middle school should be a place where “we can talk about struggles at home like depression and anxiety,” said Sudikshya Dhaurali, a 13-year-old student at Western Middle School for the Arts in Louisville, Kentucky.

Several emphasized what became a main conference theme: They want relationships with adults they trust.

Here’s proof of how mixed up middle-schoolers are: As students came back to their school buildings this year, more were acting out; some principals discovered acts of vandalism like ripping up soap dispensers, said Joseph Mazza, principal of Seven Bridges Middle School in suburban Westchester County, New York.

And even though his school’s sports and clubs are back in action and students have been able to eat lunch outside — the school’s PTA bought picnic tables for outdoor dining — personal losses and general anxiety related to the pandemic keeps school from feeling back to normal. With the virus still circulating, a student who has been exposed, on any given day, may be sent home.

Amid such confusion and uncertainty, opportunities for leadership for this age group have become particularly important, said Mazza, who along with Fagell hosts a podcast on middle-schoolers. These kids want “activities that put them in the driver’s seat,” he said, along with time to speak about what’s on their minds.

I reached out to other educators in search of solutions and heard many that made enormous sense, such as small advisory group meetings, and rooms staffed with counselors where students can come in, get a glass of water, chat with an adult or simply draw and paint.

Casey Siddons, the assistant principal at Cabin John Middle School in Potomac, Maryland, said the school has added morning mindfulness sessions, a space where students can practice breathing for 15 minutes and talk to a counselor who is leading sessions. “The staff has been really attuned to the fact that there is a lot of emotional support needed,” Siddons told me.

Schoolwide lessons on topics like bullying and identity have helped students; Fagell and other educators shared tips — from establishing comforting routines to dressing up alongside students for spirit week and playing funny music or YouTube videos during that fraught and uncomfortable lunch hour.

Sage Smith, a middle school teacher and motivational speaker in Cleveland, Tennessee, also urged middle-school teachers to take care of themselves, so they “can fully be there” for students, and help them “create a world where they can feel some peace.”

That means also being aware of the toll the pandemic has taken on them, as well as their students. “I have come to realize that if great teachers are going to stay in their classrooms, they need support,” Smith said.