When polls close — and how long counting votes might take — in each state

correction

A previous version of this page showed the wrong poll closing time for California. Polls close at 11 p.m. Eastern.

State officials in Indiana and Kentucky are likely to report some of the first results of the 2022 midterm elections on Tuesday soon after polls close in parts of those states at 6 p.m. Eastern time. Within a few hours, results from most areas should be flooding in, but expect some states to count a lot faster than others.

Poll closing times vary from state to state, from county to county, and, in some parts of the country, from town to town. The earliest results in most states are reported by local voting precincts soon after polls close there. Every state also has different rules for how officials process and count ballots, and these rules determine how quickly results are released.

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In 2020, an influx of mail-in and early ballots due to the pandemic caused major slowdowns in vote counting and reporting election results. It took four days for enough votes to be counted for the major decision desks to call the presidency for Joe Biden. Vote counting isn’t expected to be nearly as slow as it was last time around, but there’s a chance we won’t know the outcomes of some key races — and possibly even control of Congress — on election night.

The Associated Press has compiled state-by-state details on poll closing times, vote counting rules and expected timing based on patterns in previous elections. Here’s when polls close in every state and how long vote counting might take:

Alabama

Polls close: 8 p.m. Eastern (7 p.m. local time)

How long does counting usually take? It varies. Counts can go late, but wide victory margins often allow projections to be done earlier in the evening. In the high-turnout presidential election in 2020, Alabama’s vote count reached 90 percent at 3:34 a.m. the next morning. (More from the AP)

Full Alabama results

Alaska

Polls close: Midnight/1 a.m. Eastern (8 p.m. local time)

How long does counting usually take? The Nov. 8 election is a ranked choice election, in keeping with a 2020 voter initiative that implemented open primaries and ranked voting for general elections. Early results will be the number of first-choice votes for each candidate. The winner in many races may not be known until Nov. 23, which is the deadline for elections officials to receive ballots mailed from overseas addresses and when ranked vote tabulations will take place. (More from the AP)

How ranked choice voting shook out in an Alaska special election

Full Alaska results

Arizona

Polls close: 9 p.m. Eastern (7 p.m. local time)

How long does counting usually take? Generally, up to and sometimes longer than a week. The state won’t release results until an hour after all polls close or all precincts are reporting, whichever comes first, and the earliest returns often don’t clearly show who will ultimately win. Waiting for all the Election Day votes to be counted is often needed to see who won, and it is also common for races to be too close to call until a substantial number of the “late-earlies” are tabulated in the following days. (More from the AP)

Full Arizona results

Arkansas

Polls close: 8:30 p.m. Eastern (7:30 p.m. local time)

How long does counting usually take? The vast majority of votes here are counted on election night — in 2020, 90 percent of votes had been counted by 11:14 p.m. The early vote ballots are usually the first to be reported because they are counted as they arrive at each county office in the weeks leading up to the election, so a large chunk of results will be reported immediately after polls close. (More from the AP)

Full Arkansas results

California

Polls close: 11 p.m. Eastern (8 p.m. local time)

How long does counting usually take? Californians can vote by mail, and ballots are accepted by county officials until Nov. 15 (as long as they are postmarked by Election Day). This makes the counting process incredibly slow — millions of ballots are counted after Election Day, and it could take days or even weeks to determine winners in close races. (More from the AP)

Full California results

Colorado

Polls close: 9 p.m. Eastern (7 p.m. local time)

How long does counting usually take? Most of Colorado votes by mail, but results flow in fairly quickly after polls close since ballots are tabulated as soon as they are received in advance of Election Day. In 2020, 90 percent of votes were reported by 11:30 a.m. Eastern the next morning. (More from the AP)

Full Colorado results

Connecticut

Polls close: 8 p.m. Eastern

How long does counting usually take? Connecticut does not allow early voting, so nearly all ballots are cast and counted on Election Day. This makes the reporting process slower — in 2020, the state was still counting its votes nearly two days after Election Day. (More from the AP)

Full Connecticut results

Delaware

Polls close: 8 p.m. Eastern

How long does counting usually take? Delaware has a small voting population and counts very quickly. In 2020, 90% of votes had been counted a little over two hours after polls closed. Officials can start counting absentee ballots the Friday before Election Day, which helps to speed up the process. (More from the AP)

Full Delaware results

District of Columbia

Polls close: 8 p.m. Eastern

How long does counting usually take? Following the coronavirus pandemic, voters in the nation’s capital cast their ballots primarily by mail. Final counts will take some time, as ballots postmarked by Election Day will be counted if they arrive by Nov. 15.

Full D.C. results

2022 D.C. Election Guide: How to vote, key races and when polls close

Florida

Polls close: 7 p.m./8 p.m. Eastern (7 p.m. local time). Nine Florida counties are in Central time.

How long does counting usually take? Florida counts votes faster than most states. In 2020, 90 percent of votes had been counted by 9 p.m. Eastern. Early and mail voting is very popular here — in 2020, 83 percent of votes cast were from early or absentee ballots — and most counties report those votes first. (More from the AP)

Full Florida results

Georgia

Polls close: 7 p.m. Eastern

How long does counting usually take? The rural, more Republican-leaning counties will count much faster than the more Democratic-leaning urban counties, especially those in the Atlanta metro area. But overall, Georgia counts its ballots fairly quickly — in 2020, approximately 95 percent of votes had been counted by noon the day after the general election. (More from the AP)

Full Georgia results

Early 202: Why we might not know the results on election night and why it matters

Hawaii

Polls close: Midnight Eastern (7 p.m. local time)

How long does counting usually take? Hawaii is a vote-by-mail state, and ballots are processed as they are received. The first round of results, released right after polls close, will include ballots processed by Nov. 7, which should account for the vast majority of votes cast. (More from the AP)

Full Hawaii results

Idaho

Polls close: 10 p.m./11 p.m. Eastern (8 p.m. local time). Nine Idaho counties are fully in Pacific time.

How long does counting usually take? Most voters in Idaho cast ballots on Election Day, but the state still counts pretty quickly. In 2020, around half of the state’s votes had been reported within an hour of polls closing, and it only took seven hours to get to 100% counted. The state will not report any results until all polls have closed at 11 p.m. Eastern. (More from the AP)

Full Idaho results

Illinois

Polls close: 8 p.m. Eastern (7 p.m. local time)

How long does counting usually take? Early and absentee voting has grown in popularity here over the last few elections, which has slowed the vote count process a little. In 2020, Illinois took until the evening after the election to reach 90% of votes counted. (More from the AP)

Full Illinois results

Indiana

Polls close: 6 p.m./7 p.m. Eastern (6 p.m. local time). Twelve Indiana counties are in Central time.

How long does counting usually take? An increase in the popularity of early and absentee voting caused delays in 2020, and 90% of votes had been counted just over 24 hours after the first polls closed. Indiana has one of the earliest poll closing times in the nation. (More from the AP)

Full Indiana results

Iowa

Polls close: 9 p.m. Eastern (8 p.m. local time)

How long does counting usually take? Ballots are counted and released quickly in Iowa. 99.9% of votes in 2020 were reported within four hours of polls closing. (More from the AP)

Full Iowa results

Kansas

Polls close: 8 p.m./9 p.m. Eastern (7 p.m. local time). Four Kansas counties are in Mountain time.

How long does counting usually take? In 2020, vote counts started being released with 45 minutes of polls close, and 100% of results had been reported by 5 a.m. Eastern the next morning. (More from the AP)

Full Kansas results

Kentucky

Polls close: 6 p.m./7 p.m. Eastern (6 p.m. local time). Forty-one Kentucky counties are in Central time.

How long does counting usually take? Kentucky has one of the earliest poll-close times in the country, and the state counts quickly, too — the vast majority of results are usually released within three hours of polls closing. (More from the AP)

Full Kentucky results

Louisiana

Polls close: 9 p.m. Eastern (8 p.m. local time)

How long does counting usually take? Most votes should be counted by late election night or early the next morning, but since Louisiana is a jungle primary state, some of the more competitive races could advance to a Dec. 10 runoff. (More from the AP)

Full Louisiana results

Maine

Polls close: 8 p.m. Eastern

How long does counting usually take? Maine is notoriously slow at counting votes because many of its small townships still count by hand. To complicate matters even more, the state’s congressional races are using ranked-choice voting, and if no candidate has a definitive majority, final results won’t be released for a week. (More from the AP)

Full Maine results

Maryland

Polls close: 8 p.m. Eastern

How long does counting usually take? Historically, counting has been incredibly slow. In the July primaries, state law prevented mail-in ballots from being counted until two days after Election Day, but the law has since been struck down, and officials can now count them ahead of time. This should speed up the process in a state that took six days to count 90% of votes in the 2020 general election. (More from the AP)

Full Maryland results

Even with head start on counting, some Md. election results could take time

Massachusetts

Polls close: 8 p.m. Eastern

How long does counting usually take? Mail-in votes and in-person votes are all counted together on Election Day, and most results are available by early morning the next day. (More from the AP)

Full Massachusetts results

Michigan

Polls close: 8 p.m./9 p.m. Eastern (8 p.m. local time). Four Michigan counties are in Central time.

How long does counting usually take? In 2020, 94% of Michigan’s results were released on election night. County officials cannot start counting mail-in ballots until the Sunday before the election. (More from the AP)

Full Michigan results

Minnesota

Polls close: 9 p.m. Eastern (8 p.m. local time)

How long does counting usually take? In 2020, 100% of results were released within 24 hours of polls closing. Minnesota doesn’t start counting ballots until Election Day. (More from the AP)

Full Minnesota results

Mississippi

Polls close: 8 p.m. Eastern (7 p.m. local time)

How long does counting usually take? Mississippi doesn’t usually finish counting all its votes on election night. In 2020, the state didn’t reach 100% reporting until around 8:30 a.m. on Thursday. (More from the AP)

Full Mississippi results

Missouri

Polls close: 8 p.m. Eastern (7 p.m. local time)

How long does counting usually take? Missouri usually finishes counting almost all of its votes on Election Day. The state can start counting absentee ballots five days before, and nearly all absentee votes are released in the first batch of results after polls close. (More from the AP)

Full Missouri results

Montana

Polls close: 10 p.m. Eastern (8 p.m. local time)

How long does counting usually take? Most of Montana votes by mail, and ballots are counted starting the day before the Election. In 2020, 94% of votes were tallied by noon Eastern on Wednesday. (More from the AP)

Full Montana results

Nebraska

Polls close: 9 p.m. Eastern time (7 p.m./8 p.m. local time). Nineteen Nebraska counties are in Mountain time and close an hour earlier.

How long does counting usually take? Historically, most Nebraska counties finish tallying votes on election night. (More from the AP)

Full Nebraska results

Nevada

Polls close: 10 p.m. Eastern (7 p.m. local time)

How long does counting usually take? Counting is usually slow in Nevada. The state won’t release any results until all voters in line at polling places have cast their vote, and absentee ballots cannot be processed until polls close. In 2020, it took three days to fully finish counting and reporting votes. (More from the AP)

Full Nevada results

New Hampshire

Polls close: It varies. Most New Hampshire townships close at 7:30 p.m. Eastern time, but Brookline and Kensington close at 7 p.m., and Nashua closes at 8 p.m. Dixville Notch and Millsfield follow the tradition of “midnight voting” — they are small enough townships that all voters cast their ballots together at midnight on Election Day, and polls close shortly thereafter.

How long does counting usually take? Vote counting has been slower here in the last few election cycles, especially in more populated cities like Nashua and Manchester. (More from the AP)

Full New Hampshire results

New Jersey

Polls close: 8 p.m. Eastern

How long does counting usually take? It depends — counting could be slow if a large percent of the population votes absentee. The pandemic led to a massive influx of mail-in ballots in 2020 and majorly slowed the count. New Jersey had counted half its ballots within an hour and a half of polls closing in 2020, but didn’t finish counting for another nine days. (More from the AP)

Full New Jersey results

New Mexico

Polls close: 9 p.m. Eastern (7 p.m. local time)

How long does counting usually take? Votes will be counted pretty quickly in New Mexico. Most of the state votes ahead of time, and officials can start validating ballots five days before Election Day. Ninety percent of votes were counted by 1:30 a.m. Eastern in 2020. (More from the AP)

Full New Mexico results

Check the voter registration deadline in your state

New York

Polls close: 9 p.m. Eastern

How long does counting usually take? A huge chunk of votes will be reported on election night — in 2020, 90% of votes were counted by 12:28 a.m. Eastern. The last 10% were counted much more slowly, and the state took nine days to reach 100% reporting. (More from the AP)

Full New York results

North Carolina

Polls close: 7:30 p.m. Eastern

How long does counting usually take? North Carolina counts very fast. Much of the state votes early or absentee, and those votes are processed when they are received. In 2020, 99% of votes were counted on Election Day. (More from the AP)

Full North Carolina results

North Dakota

Polls close: 8 p.m./9 p.m. Eastern (7 p.m. local time)

How long does counting usually take? The bulk of the ballots are counted within a few hours after the polls have closed. (More from the AP)

Full North Dakota results

Ohio

Polls close: 7:30 p.m. Eastern

How long does counting usually take? Ohio routinely counts a little more than 2 percent of votes in the days after Election Day, which should only delay race calls in the closest races. In the 2020 general election, 2.6% of votes were counted after Election Day. In 2018, before the pandemic, 2.7% were counted later. Most late-counted votes in both elections were provisional ballots. (More from the AP)

Full Ohio results

Oklahoma

Polls close: 8 p.m. Eastern (7 p.m. local time)

How long does counting usually take? When the polls close, reporting will start to come in quickly, with the majority of votes counted within a few hours. In the 2020 general election, states reached 100% precincts reporting at 12:31 a.m. local time. (More from the AP)

Full Oklahoma results

Oregon

Polls close: 10 p.m./11 p.m. Eastern (8 p.m. local time). Malheur County is in Mountain time.

How long does counting usually take? Oregon votes by mail. Returns will start coming out soon after 8 p.m. but it could take days for close races to be decided. In 2020, it took until around 2 p.m. on Friday, three days after Election Day, for 90% of ballots to be counted. No votes will be reported here until polls in Pacific time have closed. (More from the AP)

Full Oregon results

Pennsylvania

Acting Pennsylvania Secretary of State Leigh Chapman told The Post the state would likely have unofficial election results days after Election Day. (Video: JM Rieger/The Washington Post)

Polls close: 8 p.m. Eastern

How long does counting usually take? Vote counting typically extends for several days. In 2020, counties reached 90% of statewide votes counted on Thursday evening — a full two days after polls closed. That year, the AP called the presidential race in Pennsylvania on Saturday, four days after the election. This year, the most heavily populated counties expect to report the bulk of their counting done by Wednesday morning. (More from the AP)

Full Pennsylvania results

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Rhode Island

Polls close: 8 p.m. Eastern

How long does counting usually take? First results usually come in about 30 minutes after polls close at 8 p.m. Eastern, and about 92% of votes are tabulated by noon the next day. That is because Rhode Island election officials are allowed to pre-process and sort mail-in ballots and early in-person ballots that arrive before Election Day, making for a speedy vote count after the polls close. Mail-in ballots must arrive by close of polling on Election Day, but mail-in ballots sent from overseas may be counted later if the voter can show the ballot was sent before Election Day. (More from the AP)

Full Rhode Island results

South Carolina

Polls close: 7 p.m. Eastern

How long does counting usually take? Vote counts in a few areas — Richland County, around the capital city of Columbia, as well as some pockets near the Upstate city of Greenville — can take considerably longer than the rest of the state. (More from the AP)

Full South Carolina results

South Dakota

Polls close: 8 p.m./9 p.m. Eastern (7 p.m. local time). Seventeen South Dakota counties are in Mountain time.

How long does counting usually take? Not long in South Dakota. The state can’t release results until all polls have closed, but it has a history of getting its ballots counted within four or five hours of final close time, even though some results are not fully complete until the next day. (More from the AP)

Full South Dakota results

Tennessee

Polls close: 8 p.m. Eastern time (7 p.m./8 p.m. local time). Thirty Tennessee counties are in Eastern time and close an hour later than the rest of the state.

How long does counting usually take? In two election cycles before 2020, about 60% of the total votes statewide were cast during the early in-person voting period. The number of early in-person and no-excuse mail ballots increased the advance vote to 75% of total votes in 2020. (More from the AP)

Full Tennessee results

Texas

Polls close: 8 p.m./9 p.m. Eastern (7 p.m. local time). Two Texas counties are in Mountain time.

How long does counting usually take? Most of the votes are typically counted within 4-5 hours of polls closing statewide, with remaining votes verified over the following days. Unless a race is too close to call, most winners are determined by 2 a.m. Eastern. In fact, in the 2020 general election, more than half of all votes counted were released within 75 minutes of polls closing statewide. Texas can count quickly because so much of the state votes early, and counties with 100,000 people or more are allowed to start tallying early votes once the early voting period ends — this year that’s Nov. 4 — which gives them a head start. Counties with less than 100,000 can start counting when polls open on Election Day, but with the smaller populations, many still manage to count all early votes by the time polls close. (More from the AP)

Full Texas results

Utah

Polls close: 10 p.m. Eastern (8 p.m. local time)

How long does counting usually take? Partial results typically start being reported immediately after polls close, in batches. They’re updated throughout election night and in the following days. It’s common for reporting not to be complete until days later. (More from the AP)

Full Utah results

Vermont

Polls close: 7 p.m. Eastern

How long does counting usually take? As many as 99.6% to 100% of votes are counted election night by 2 a.m., the rest by Wednesday afternoon. (More from the AP)

Full Vermont results

Virginia

Polls close: 7 p.m. Eastern

How long does counting usually take? Virginia counts votes quicker than many other states. In 2020, only 3% of votes were counted after noon on the Wednesday following Election Day. (More from the AP)

Full Virginia results

Washington

Polls close: 11 p.m. Eastern (8 p.m. local time)

How long does counting usually take? Washington’s vote-by-mail system leads to some of the highest voter turnout in the nation, but is not a system that leads to fast results. In 2020, 18.3% of the total vote was not yet counted on election night. Totals didn’t reach 100% until 10 days after the election. Because ballots only have to be postmarked by Election Day, it can take weeks to decide close races. Counties can keep counting up until Nov. 29, the day they certify results. (More from the AP)

Full Washington results

West Virginia

Polls close: 7:30 p.m. Eastern

How long does counting usually take? West Virginia counts votes quicker than many other states. In 2020, only 1.1% of votes were counted after the Wednesday following Election Day. (More from the AP)

Full West Virginia results

Wisconsin

Polls close: 9 p.m. Eastern (8 p.m. local time)

How long does counting usually take? High-turnout elections with a large number of absentee ballots that require more time to process than ballots cast at the polls can lead to delayed results. State law does not allow for absentee ballots to be processed before 7 a.m. on Election Day. (More from the AP)

Full Wisconsin results

Wyoming

Polls close: 9 p.m. Eastern (7 p.m. local time)

How long does counting usually take? Wyoming has traditionally had all its counting done by early Wednesday morning. (More from the AP)

Full Wyoming results

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