Exit poll results and analysis from Iowa

AlertEarly exit polling results from a survey of the state’s voters are below. Stay tuned for updates as results are re-weighted to match trends seen in vote totals.

Data as of Nov. 10 at 12:33 p.m.

Who’s winning each group in Iowa

Groups that candidates are winning by six or more percentage points

Donald Trump
Joe Biden
Jump to polls for:President|Senate

Iowa’s red shift, with working-class towns leaving the Democratic Party en masse, was the harbinger for Trump’s success in 2016, while big swaths of rural Iowa that backed Barack Obama are hostile to his party now. President Trump bested former vice president Joe Biden to secure Iowa’s six electoral votes.

The Post is publishing preliminary results from national and state exit polls that allow readers to explore demographic trends in the 2020 vote. These surveys randomly sample voters in three ways: in-person, as they exited voting places on or before Election Day, and by telephone, through a survey of more than 25,000 early voters, to help account for the huge increase of votes cast early.

Below, see how various groups voted in Iowa’s elections for president and U.S. Senate.

Full exit poll results

Candidates who won a demographic group by six or more percentage points are highlighted. Follow live election results from Iowa here.

Sex
Trump
Biden
Men48% of voters
trump
58%
biden
39%
Women52%
trump
48%
biden
51%
Age
Trump
Biden
18-2916% of voters
trump
45%
biden
51%
30-4421%
trump
47%
biden
48%
45-6435%
trump
59%
biden
40%
65+28%
trump
54%
biden
45%
Race
Trump
Biden
White92% of voters
trump
55%
biden
43%
Black2%
trump
22%
biden
76%
Hispanic/Latino4%
trump
31%
biden
67%
Asian1%
Not enough respondents to break down details
Other2%
Not enough respondents to break down details
NET Non-White8%
trump
35%
biden
64%
Sex by race
Trump
Biden
White men44% of voters
trump
60%
biden
37%
White women48%
trump
49%
biden
49%
Black men1%
Not enough respondents to break down details
Black women1%
Not enough respondents to break down details
Hispanic/Latino men2%
Not enough respondents to break down details
Hispanic/Latino women2%
Not enough respondents to break down details
All other voters3%
Not enough respondents to break down details
Party self-identification
Trump
Biden
Democrats26% of voters
trump
7%
biden
93%
Republicans36%
trump
93%
biden
7%
Independents/Others38%
trump
46%
biden
50%
Ideology
Trump
Biden
Liberal20% of voters
trump
9%
biden
90%
Moderate41%
trump
38%
biden
59%
Conservative39%
trump
90%
biden
8%
Education
Trump
Biden
College graduates38% of voters
trump
45%
biden
52%
Some college or less62%
trump
58%
biden
41%
Education by race
Trump
Biden
White college graduates36% of voters
trump
46%
biden
51%
White, some college or less55%
trump
60%
biden
39%
Non-White college graduates2%
Not enough respondents to break down details
Non-White, some college or less6%
trump
34%
biden
64%
Education by race by sex
Trump
Biden
White women, college graduates18% of voters
trump
43%
biden
55%
White women, some college or less30%
trump
53%
biden
46%
White men, college graduates19%
trump
48%
biden
47%
White men, some college or less25%
trump
69%
biden
30%
Family income
Trump
Biden
Under $50,00038% of voters
trump
46%
biden
51%
$50,000-$99,99935%
trump
60%
biden
39%
$100,000 or more27%
trump
50%
biden
46%
White evangelical Christians
Trump
Biden
White evangelical Christians34% of voters
trump
75%
biden
24%
All other voters66%
trump
43%
biden
55%
When did you decide?
Trump
Biden
Decided in the last week5% of voters
trump
60%
biden
33%
Decided before last week93%
trump
55%
biden
44%
Most important issue in your vote for president
Trump
Biden
The coronavirus pandemic19% of voters
trump
10%
biden
88%
The economy36%
trump
87%
biden
10%
Crime and safety12%
trump
86%
biden
13%
Health-care policy13%
trump
19%
biden
79%
Racial inequality10%
trump
8%
biden
91%
Which is more important?
Trump
Biden
Containing the coronavirus now, even if it hurts the economy48% of voters
trump
18%
biden
80%
Rebuilding the economy now, even if it hurts efforts to contain the coronavirus46%
trump
89%
biden
8%

Senate exit poll

In the Iowa U.S. Senate race, the incumbent, Joni Ernst, a Republican, defeated Theresa Greenfield, a Democrat. Ernst has represented Iowa in the Senate since 2015.

Who’s winning each group in Iowa

Groups that candidates are winning by six or more percentage points

Joni Ernst
Theresa Greenfield

Full exit poll results

Candidates who won a demographic group by six or more percentage points are highlighted. Follow live election results from Iowa here.

Sex
Greenfield
Ernst
Men48% of voters
40%
57%
Women52%
51%
46%
Age
Greenfield
Ernst
18-2916% of voters
51%
44%
30-4421%
51%
44%
45-6435%
41%
58%
65+29%
44%
54%
Race
Greenfield
Ernst
White92% of voters
44%
53%
Black2%
70%
24%
Hispanic/Latino4%
67%
32%
Asian1%
Not enough respondents to break down details
Other2%
Not enough respondents to break down details
NET Non-White8%
63%
35%
Sex by race
Greenfield
Ernst
White men44% of voters
38%
59%
White women48%
49%
48%
Black men1%
Not enough respondents to break down details
Black women1%
Not enough respondents to break down details
Hispanic/Latino men2%
Not enough respondents to break down details
Hispanic/Latino women2%
Not enough respondents to break down details
All other voters3%
Not enough respondents to break down details
Party self-identification
Greenfield
Ernst
Democrats26% of voters
93%
5%
Republicans36%
7%
92%
Independents/Others38%
51%
44%
Ideology
Greenfield
Ernst
Liberal20% of voters
90%
6%
Moderate42%
60%
38%
Conservative39%
8%
90%
Education
Greenfield
Ernst
College graduates38% of voters
51%
46%
Some college or less62%
43%
55%
Education by race
Greenfield
Ernst
White college graduates36% of voters
50%
46%
White, some college or less55%
40%
57%
Non-White college graduates2%
Not enough respondents to break down details
Non-White, some college or less6%
63%
35%
Education by race by sex
Greenfield
Ernst
White women, college graduates18% of voters
52%
44%
White women, some college or less30%
47%
49%
White men, college graduates19%
47%
48%
White men, some college or less25%
31%
66%
Family income
Greenfield
Ernst
Under $50,00038% of voters
53%
44%
$50,000-$99,99935%
42%
58%
$100,000 or more27%
45%
51%
White evangelical Christians
Greenfield
Ernst
White evangelical Christians34% of voters
24%
76%
All other voters66%
55%
41%
Most important issue in your vote for president
Greenfield
Ernst
The coronavirus pandemic19% of voters
89%
11%
The economy36%
11%
84%
Crime and safety12%
13%
86%
Health-care policy13%
79%
17%
Racial inequality10%
93%
7%
Which is more important?
Greenfield
Ernst
Containing the coronavirus now, even if it hurts the economy48% of voters
80%
17%
Rebuilding the economy now, even if it hurts efforts to contain the coronavirus46%
10%
87%

Methodology

Preliminary national and state exit poll results from interviews of randomly selected voters as they exited voting places across the country on Nov. 3, as well as from voters exiting early voting locations. Early voters were also reached through a telephone survey. The polls were conducted by Edison Research for the National Election Pool, The Washington Post and other media organizations. Results are weighted to match vote tallies by region and to correct for differential participation by subgroup.

Graphics by Brittany Mayes, Leslie Shapiro and Chris Alcantara. Text by David Weigel, Scott Clement, Emily Guskin, Kevin Uhrmacher, Ann Gerhart, Claudia Deane, Alauna Safarpour and Jocelyn Kiley.