Who won each group in Pennsylvania
Groups that candidates won by six or more percentage points
Pennsylvania’s flip from Donald Trump in 2016 to former vice president Joe Biden in 2020 — both by less than one percentage point — was driven by Democratic gains among political independents and lower-income voters, according to network exit poll results.
Pennsylvania independents accounted for one-fifth of voters and supported Biden by 51 percent to 43 percent for Trump, a flip from 2016 when they backed Trump by seven points, 48 percent to 41 percent. Biden also benefited from more unified support among fellow Democrats, winning 92 percent of their votes compared with 87 percent for Clinton four years ago.
Biden also recouped significant support among voters with incomes under $50,000, a group that President Obama won by 36 points in 2016 but that Clinton won by much narrower 12 points in 2016. Exit polling this year found Biden won lower-income voters over Trump by 20 percentage points, 59 percent to 39 percent.
Exit polls also found Black male voters supported Biden by 91 percent to 8 percent, a wider margin than 2016 when 83 percent of Black men supported Clinton and 14 percent supported Trump. Despite this, the exit poll found Biden’s 92 percent support among Black voters overall, the same as 2016, with Black women slightly less supportive of Biden this year than Clinton four years ago (93 percent vs. 99 percent).
The Post is publishing preliminary results from national and state exit polls that allow readers to explore demographic trends in the 2020 vote. These surveys randomly sample voters in three ways: in-person, as they exited voting places on or before Election Day, and by telephone, through a survey of more than 25,000 early voters, to help account for the huge increase of votes cast early.
More key exit polls
Below, see how various groups voted in Pennsylvania’s election for president.
Full exit poll results
Candidates who won a demographic group by six or more percentage points are highlighted. Follow live election results from Pennsylvania here.