Exit poll results and analysis from Pennsylvania

Data as of Nov. 9 at 11:39 a.m.

Who won each group in Pennsylvania

Groups that candidates won by six or more percentage points

Donald Trump
Joe Biden

Pennsylvania’s flip from Donald Trump in 2016 to former vice president Joe Biden in 2020 — both by less than one percentage point — was driven by Democratic gains among political independents and lower-income voters, according to network exit poll results.

Pennsylvania independents accounted for one-fifth of voters and supported Biden by 51 percent to 43 percent for Trump, a flip from 2016 when they backed Trump by seven points, 48 percent to 41 percent. Biden also benefited from more unified support among fellow Democrats, winning 92 percent of their votes compared with 87 percent for Clinton four years ago.

Biden also recouped significant support among voters with incomes under $50,000, a group that President Obama won by 36 points in 2016 but that Clinton won by much narrower 12 points in 2016. Exit polling this year found Biden won lower-income voters over Trump by 20 percentage points, 59 percent to 39 percent.

Exit polls also found Black male voters supported Biden by 91 percent to 8 percent, a wider margin than 2016 when 83 percent of Black men supported Clinton and 14 percent supported Trump. Despite this, the exit poll found Biden’s 92 percent support among Black voters overall, the same as 2016, with Black women slightly less supportive of Biden this year than Clinton four years ago (93 percent vs. 99 percent).

The Post is publishing preliminary results from national and state exit polls that allow readers to explore demographic trends in the 2020 vote. These surveys randomly sample voters in three ways: in-person, as they exited voting places on or before Election Day, and by telephone, through a survey of more than 25,000 early voters, to help account for the huge increase of votes cast early.

Below, see how various groups voted in Pennsylvania’s election for president.

Full exit poll results

Candidates who won a demographic group by six or more percentage points are highlighted. Follow live election results from Pennsylvania here.

Sex
Trump
Biden
Men47% of voters
trump
55%
biden
44%
Women53%
trump
44%
biden
55%
Age
Trump
Biden
18-2913% of voters
trump
35%
biden
62%
30-4423%
trump
39%
biden
60%
45-6437%
trump
58%
biden
42%
65+28%
trump
53%
biden
46%
Race
Trump
Biden
White81% of voters
trump
57%
biden
42%
Black11%
trump
7%
biden
92%
Hispanic/Latino5%
trump
27%
biden
69%
Asian1%
Not enough respondents to break down details
Other1%
Not enough respondents to break down details
NET Non-White19%
trump
15%
biden
82%
Sex by race
Trump
Biden
White men38% of voters
trump
62%
biden
37%
White women43%
trump
52%
biden
47%
Black men5%
trump
10%
biden
89%
Black women6%
trump
4%
biden
94%
Hispanic/Latino men3%
Not enough respondents to break down details
Hispanic/Latino women3%
trump
15%
biden
83%
All other voters2%
trump
33%
biden
62%
Party self-identification
Trump
Biden
Democrats40% of voters
trump
7%
biden
92%
Republicans41%
trump
91%
biden
8%
Independents/Others19%
trump
44%
biden
52%
Ideology
Trump
Biden
Liberal24% of voters
trump
8%
biden
91%
Moderate42%
trump
41%
biden
58%
Conservative34%
trump
87%
biden
12%
Education
Trump
Biden
College graduates40% of voters
trump
42%
biden
57%
Some college or less60%
trump
54%
biden
45%
Education by race
Trump
Biden
White college graduates36% of voters
trump
45%
biden
54%
White, some college or less45%
trump
66%
biden
34%
Non-White college graduates4%
trump
17%
biden
80%
Non-White, some college or less14%
trump
15%
biden
82%
Education by race by sex
Trump
Biden
White women, college graduates18% of voters
trump
40%
biden
59%
White women, some college or less25%
trump
61%
biden
39%
White men, college graduates18%
trump
50%
biden
48%
White men, some college or less20%
trump
72%
biden
27%
Family income
Trump
Biden
Under $50,00037% of voters
trump
42%
biden
56%
$50,000-$99,99933%
trump
51%
biden
47%
$100,000 or more29%
trump
50%
biden
49%
Religion
Trump
Biden
Protestant/Other Christian44% of voters
trump
57%
biden
41%
Catholic30%
trump
56%
biden
43%
Jewish4%
Not enough respondents to break down details
Other6%
Not enough respondents to break down details
No religion16%
trump
23%
biden
77%
When did you decide?
Trump
Biden
Decided in the last week6% of voters
Not enough respondents to break down details
Decided before last week92%
trump
48%
biden
51%
Most important issue in your vote for president
Trump
Biden
The coronavirus pandemic20% of voters
trump
7%
biden
91%
The economy38%
trump
85%
biden
14%
Crime and safety10%
trump
84%
biden
15%
Health-care policy11%
trump
15%
biden
84%
Racial inequality14%
trump
4%
biden
92%
Which is more important?
Trump
Biden
Containing the coronavirus now, even if it hurts the economy53% of voters
trump
13%
biden
85%
Rebuilding the economy now, even if it hurts efforts to contain the coronavirus43%
trump
88%
biden
11%

Methodology

Preliminary national and state exit poll results from interviews of randomly selected voters as they exited voting places across the country on Nov. 3, as well as from voters exiting early voting locations. Early voters were also reached through a telephone survey. The polls were conducted by Edison Research for the National Election Pool, The Washington Post and other media organizations. Results are weighted to match vote tallies by region and to correct for differential participation by subgroup.

Graphics by Brittany Mayes, Leslie Shapiro and Chris Alcantara. Text by David Weigel, Scott Clement, Emily Guskin, Kevin Uhrmacher, Ann Gerhart, Claudia Deane, Alauna Safarpour and Jocelyn Kiley.