Thursday morning, just after 7, songwriter Rosanne Cash was having a cup of tea at her New York home when her husband, John Leventhal, ran downstairs “like an elephant.”
“Dylan won the Nobel Prize!” he shouted.
“No,” said Cash, “that can’t be true.”
But it was true, and Cash, whose late father, Johnny, was a friend and sometime collaborator with Dylan, spent the rest of the morning beaming. She also received a flurry of messages, everyone from songwriter Marc Cohn and Elvis Costello to Salman Rushdie and her literary agent.
“The chatter is this pride and that finally he gets recognized in this way that equates songwriting with great literature,” said Cash. “I can’t tell you how many times people have said to me, because I also write prose, ‘Oh, you’re also a real writer.’ It’s so offensive. Like songwriting doesn’t require the same discipline. So the fact that he’s recognized lifts all of our boats.”
Dylan, 75, has received virtually every honor possible for his songwriting, including an Oscar, Pulitzer, Kennedy Center Honor and a Presidential Medal of Freedom. But the Nobel Prize in literature is something else. Dylan is primarily a musician, making him the first to receive the award. His lyrics, though, have long been considered poetry by fans, academics and other songwriters.
“I always thought working with him was like knowing Shakespeare,” said Roger McGuinn, who recorded more than two dozen Dylan covers while he was the leader of the Byrds. “ ‘Mr. Tambourine Man.’ The imagery of that. ‘Yes, to dance beneath the diamond sky with one hand waving free/ Silhouetted by the sea, circled by the circus sands.’ It’s beautiful and, really, poetry.”
Dylan remained silent throughout the day about the award. His longtime friend, folk singer and artist Bob Neuwirth didn’t expect he would be tweeting out his excitement.
He’s not a “braggart,” said Neuwirth. “You know, he may not even acknowledge it.”
But the Swedish Academy, which will give Dylan an 18-karat gold medal as well as a check for about $925,000, did not hold back. Sara Danius, the academy’s permanent secretary, praised Dylan during a televised news conference.
“Bob Dylan writes poetry for the ear,” she said.
Not everyone was thrilled with the selection of Dylan, the first American to win the prize since Toni Morrison in 1993. Some complained about the award going to a musician instead of a prose writer. “Trainspotting” author Irvine Welsh tweeted that he was a Dylan fan, but he called the Nobel “an ill-conceived nostalgia award wrenched from the rancid prostates of senile, gibbering hippies.”
But authors Rushdie, Joyce Carol Oates and John Scalzi disagreed. So did T Bone Burnett, the producer and musician who toured with Dylan’s Rolling Thunder Revue in the mid-’70s.
“You know, I’ve seen some people complain that Philip Roth was overlooked, and Philip Roth may be our greatest novelist since Faulkner, but novelists aren’t all of literature,” said Burnett. “And if Homer was literature then Dylan was certainly literature, and he elevated American literature to a place it never was before.”
Poet Alan Shapiro, a former finalist for the National Book Award, said that “I don’t know another poet now who can hold a candle to Dylan.”
He remembers hearing Dylan for the first time in 1967 when he was 15, growing up in Brookline, Mass., and kept a transistor radio under his pillow. Dylan actually introduced him to poets, whether Allen Ginsberg in the documentary “Dont Look Back” or Dylan’s referencing of Ezra Pound and T.S. Eliot in “Desolation Row.”
“I learned about them before I knew who they were, and then I looked them up,” he remembers. “For me, he opened up a world of poetry.”
Country legend Billy Joe Shaver, two years older than Dylan, had a different response when he first listened. Shaver remembers buying a bunch of tapes in the 1970s and finding himself both overwhelmed and jealous.
It reached a point where Shaver wrapped the cassettes together with a rubber band, put them in a bag and threw them off a bridge into the Brazos River. That’s in Texas, where he lives.
“I wish I hadn’t after I had done it, but I said, he’s writing s--- I can’t even start to get a hold of,” said Shaver. “I said I better go back to driving trucks and working as a cowboy.”
Dylan has always admired outlaw artists such as Shaver, whom he referenced in a 2009 song, “I Feel a Change Coming On.” But he came from a relatively comfortable childhood, a Jewish kid from Minnesota who dropped out of college to head east, in 1961, to meet his ailing hero, Woody Guthrie, and play coffeehouses. In New York, Robert Zimmerman renamed himself Bob Dylan, signed with Columbia Records and began releasing the folk songs — “Blowin’ In the Wind,” “The Times They Are a-Changing” and “Masters of War” — that would become the soundtrack for the protest movement. But rather than take the easy road, Dylan reinvented himself by going electric in the mid-’60s, alienating the peace-and-love crowd for a stretch.
This set a pattern for Dylan, whether converting to Christianity, reinventing his sound on 1997’s Grammy-winning “Time Out of Mind” or putting out an album of Christmas covers in 2009. He is hard to predict and even harder to pin down. His 2004 book, “Chronicles: Volume One,” was hailed for its creativity but called “a pack of lies” by Dylan biographer Clinton Heylin because of the writer’s propensity for altering or twisting the facts.
There was a general air of rejoicing Thursday as word spread of Dylan’s award. Congratulatory tweets went out from, among others, President Obama, author Stephen King, “Hamilton’s” Lin-Manuel Miranda, and musicians Billy Bragg and Jarvis Cocker.
Peter Case, a musician deeply influenced by Dylan, was also pleased. When Case was growing up in Buffalo, his mother brought him a copy of Dylan’s latest record, the 1965 album “Bringing It All Back Home.”
“It opened me up to Shakespeare and the sound of language and to try to understand it,” says Case. “It opened me up to deep compassion about people. And that whole second side of ‘Bringing.’ He really kind of covers everything on the second side.”
Case, now 62, has seen the music business change, from his major-label debut in the 1980s to the struggle to make records in recent years. But through it all, he has kept listening to Dylan. And in the dark of early Wednesday morning, after driving to his next gig — Brooklyn to Albany — he checked in to his hotel and saw the news on his iPhone.
“It’s just great to give a songwriter the Nobel Prize, but not just a songwriter,” Case said. “It’s Bob Dylan. He’s just a giant. They had to open a special door for him.”
Princeton University history professor Sean Wilentz, author of “Bob Dylan in America” and the unofficial historian of the musician’s website, said he wasn’t surprised by the Nobel.
“We’re honoring a great literary figure of our time,” he said. “I don’t know that it’s much different than any other great literary figure being honored. He has taken the lyric form, which is an ancient form, as old as Homer, and raised it to an entirely new level, a level that stands with the highest literature that the West has produced. Period.”
He also imagined Dylan would be grateful for the award, noting that he keeps his 2000 Oscar, awarded for “Things Have Changed,” on an amplifier during gigs.
McGuinn, who, after the Byrds dissolved, toured with Dylan and also played his 12-string Rickenbacker guitar on his 1973 hit “Knockin’ on Heaven’s Door,” said he had no idea what Dylan was thinking about the Nobel Prize.
“He’s got a gig tonight in Las Vegas,” said McGuinn. “He’s probably thinking more about that.”