George Kennedy, the burly character actor who won an Academy Award as a chain-gang leader in “Cool Hand Luke,” threatened Audrey Hepburn as a hook-armed villain in “Charade” and was a crusty mainstay of 1970s disaster films before veering into satire as a clueless policeman in the “Naked Gun” film series, died Feb. 28 at a nursing home in Middleton, Idaho. He was 91.
The cause was a heart ailment, said Steve Rhodes, chief deputy coroner of Canyon County, Idaho.
In a career spanning more than 175 films and television credits, Mr. Kennedy was among the most dependable and versatile performers in Hollywood. Whether malevolent, earnest or serving as comic relief, he held his corner of the screen opposite charismatic movie stars including Cary Grant, Paul Newman, John Wayne and James Stewart.
The son of entertainers, Mr. Kennedy was a child actor on radio and spent about 15 years in the Army before reemerging in show business in the late 1950s playing a military police officer on the CBS sitcom “The Phil Silvers Show.”
Mr. Kennedy, who stood 6-foot-4 and weighed 300 pounds, made his screen debut as a rebel soldier opposite Kirk Douglas in “Spartacus” (1960). His most important early film was Stanley Donen’s “Charade” (1963), which starred Grant and Hepburn and was an engaging blend of suspense, romance and sophisticated comedy set in Paris.
Mr. Kennedy played one of the World War II veterans who tries to frighten a recent widow (Hepburn) into revealing where her late husband stashed money stolen during the war.
Film historian Jeanine Basinger said Mr. Kennedy “can ride that fine line between very scary menacing villain and fitting in with a lighter-hearted comic mode. He had the ability to give subtle variations on his basic persona — he could shade it toward comedy, shade it away from comedy. He could live as himself in the universe of the film. This is a movie career — steady.”
Indeed it was steady, and Mr. Kennedy remained a welcome presence even if the movies were not always of the highest caliber. After “Charade,” Mr. Kennedy played heavies in “Hush . . . Hush, Sweet Charlotte” and “Strait-Jacket” (both 1964). During the next several years, he had supporting parts in dramas including “Shenandoah,” “The Flight of the Phoenix” and “The Sons of Katie Elder.” He was a gruff major in the popular war film “The Dirty Dozen.”
Mr. Kennedy’s breakthrough performance was in “Cool Hand Luke” (1967), which starred Newman as a self-described “hard case” who gets sent to a Southern chain gang for cutting the heads off parking meters. Mr. Kennedy played the veteran convict Dragline, who at first sees Luke as a threat to his authority and nearly kills him in a boxing bout.
“Yeah, I beat up Paul Newman and alienated every woman in America,” Mr. Kennedy later quipped.
New York Times film critic Bosley Crowther wrote that Mr. Kennedy was “powerfully obsessive as the top dog who handles things his way as effectively and finally as destructively as does the warden or the guards.”
After the success of “Cool Hand Luke,” Mr. Kennedy’s fee shot from $20,000 to $200,000 per movie. He began a run of lawman characters in films such as “Hurry Sundown” (1967), the first-rate manhunt drama “The Boston Strangler” (1968), and “. . . Tick . . . Tick . . . Tick” (1970).
Mr. Kennedy popped up in a variety of westerns, including “Fools’ Parade” (1971) with Stewart and “Cahill U.S. Marshal” (1973) with Wayne.
He had supporting parts in two Clint Eastwood dramas, as a foul-tempered crook in “Thunderbolt and Lightfoot” (1974) and as a mountain climber in the spy thriller “The Eiger Sanction” (1975). He coasted through a series of action and disaster films such as “Earthquake” (1974) and the four “Airport” movies based on Arthur Hailey’s bestselling novel.
Over the course of the “Airport” films, Mr. Kennedy’s character, Joe Patroni, transitions from salty maintenance chief to cocksure Concorde pilot. The deadpan earnestness of the series bordered on self-parody by the last installment, in which pilot Patroni opens the window of the supersonic Concorde and shoots a flare to divert an onrushing ballistic missile.
“Airport” helped inspire the Zucker brothers’ antic “Airplane!” satire, in which the filmmakers hoped to cast Mr. Kennedy as the bumbling plane dispatcher. The role went to Lloyd Bridges because Mr. Kennedy “couldn’t kill off his ‘Airport’ cash-cow,” filmmaker Jerry Zucker told the London Guardian in 2010.
The Zucker brothers, Jerry and David, eventually hired Mr. Kennedy to play his authoritative presence for laughs in “The Naked Gun” (1988). He portrayed Capt. Ed Hocken, the dim-witted boss of the pratfall-prone detective played by Leslie Nielsen. Mr. Kennedy also appeared in two “Naked Gun” sequels.
Reflecting on a long career, he recalled that one of his most difficult acting jobs was “Charade.” For a scene, director Donen asked Mr. Kennedy to lie down in a tub of water with his eyes open and wait until the bubbles and waves stopped.
“In one take, Stanley pulled me up and said, ‘Stop breathing!’ I said, ‘Stanley, I’m under a foot of water. I’m not breathing! I promise you!’ We did it over and over and over. I’d strongly suggest you don’t try this at home. But, if you ever do lie there in a tub of water, and wait for the bubbles to go away with your eyes open, you can feel how scary it is!”
George Harris Kennedy Jr. was born in New York City on Feb. 18, 1925. He was a toddler when his father, a bandleader, died. He was raised by his mother, a dancer, and spent much of his childhood acting on children’s radio productions.
He served in the Army Air Forces in Europe during World War II, then was assigned to the Armed Forces Radio and Television Service. Despite Army policy against officers going on air, then-Capt. Kennedy used a pseudonym to broadcast on a station in Seoul.
“If your inclinations were far more towards show business and less towards the Army — as mine always were — you found a way to get on the air,” he told the Chicago Tribune. “I learned how to use my voice and so many other things there, and I’ll forever be grateful for that.”
A back injury led to his discharge. He became a technical adviser and actor on “The Phil Silver Shows,” the comedy set on an Army base.
He later starred on two short-lived series: “Sarge” (NBC, 1971-72) as a policeman-turned-priest, and “The Blue Knight’’ (ABC, 1975-76), based on Joseph Wambaugh’s novel about a cop on the beat. From 1988 to 1991, Mr. Kennedy appeared on CBS’s soap opera “Dallas” as a rival to Larry Hagman’s Machiavellian oil magnate J.R. Ewing.
Mr. Kennedy’s other films included “Death on the Nile” (1978) as a lawyer and “The Delta Force” (1986) as a priest. He played a version of himself — the star of a ludicrous science-fiction film — in Albert Brooks’s 1981 comedy “Modern Romance.”
Mr. Kennedy’s marriage to Revel Wurman ended in divorce. In 1978, he married Joan McCarthy. In addition to several children, he helped raise a granddaughter whose mother had drug problems. A complete list of survivors could not be confirmed.
His memoir, “Trust Me,” was published in 2011. That year, he told Smashing Interviews Magazine that a lonely childhood led him to a career in entertainment.
“Acting is beautiful,” he said. “If I’m prejudiced toward doing it, it is because of the joy that I derive from it. Add that to the fact that I didn’t have any other choices. I either talked to myself, or I didn’t talk to anybody.”
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