Cesar Millan, star of Nat Geo Wild’s new show “Cesar 911,” gets down on pup Ryan’s level to teach the humans. (NGC/ITV Studios Ltd)

Best known as the “Dog Whisperer,” Cesar Millan is a world-renowned dog trainer who came to the United States from Mexico and became a celebrity training dogs for the rich and famous. He is the author of several best-selling books, including “Cesar’s Way,” “Be the Pack Leader” and “How to Raise the Perfect Dog.” He also founded the Dog Psychology Center in California. The Millan Foundation rescues and supports abused and abandoned dogs.

His show, “The Dog Whisperer With Cesar Millan,” took the brand to the next level. While his professional life was off-the-leash successful, his personal life was in the doghouse in 2010. His wife filed for divorce, and his beloved dog Daddy died. But he found his way back, and the 44-year-old is now starring in a new show on the Nat Geo channel, “Cesar 911.” It airs Fridays at 9 p.m.

What do you think makes the relationship between dog and humans so special?

I think this is where the human can actually be himself. Most people want to look good. You don’t want people to know your weaknesses, so you are not really free. A dog actually provides a really awesome platform for you to be you. He will accept you as who you are. It really goes into the soul of the human, the emotion of a human, not the physical body of the human.

How have your training techniques evolved since you first started?

I think the only thing that has changed about me is how much I focus on the human and prepare the human. In “Cesar 911,” that is what people are going to see. In “The Dog Whisperer,” you see an aggressive dog and a guy comes in and he rehabilitates the dog and then he goes. Now you are going to see how you, the human being, trigger everything in your dog — the good, the bad and the ugly. I want us to take responsibility for what we are doing wrong.

Dogs aren’t born unstable. We make them unstable. If a dog lives with a human who is afraid, the dog has no choice but to be afraid and to overprotect the human. Most people see the dog’s aggression or fear, but they never take the time to find out where he learned to be afraid. So parents who are afraid of dogs can only teach kids to be afraid of dogs.

Why do you think pet owners have started to treat their dogs more like real companions with clothes, pampering and sometimes lack of discipline?

We live in a very selfish society. We are going to keep fulfilling ourselves by utilizing the dog as a source of fulfillment. You see now people are not getting pregnant until they are 30 or 35, which is uncommon in the history of humans. Humans have decided to prioritize their careers and financial status, but [they] still have an empty space. So the dog came in and somebody obviously said, “Let’s dress the dog up!”

The human starts fulfilling his own little story, his own little dream. That’s when the Louis Vuitton bags [carrying cases for small dogs] came into the picture and this extravagant approach toward the dog.

I am not saying it is wrong. I am saying this happened, not because the dog asked for it.

It seems grieving for a pet has become more acceptable.

We do and we don’t. Obviously, we kill millions of them — 4 to 5 million [each year]. Of course, the one that serves the community we are going to have more empathy for, or the one that represents something closer to us. But the ideal would be to actually honor all of them and do less killing. Most of the dogs don’t have a problem. It is just overpopulation. But nobody is worried about those. I am saying we have to be fair to all of them.

Do you find certain breeds of dogs easier to train?

Because I’m not looking to train a dog, I am just looking to allow the dog to have the stability he should have regardless of breed. Some rules, bounds and limitations are applied to all dogs. Everybody, regardless of the breed they have, they want a social dog. My focus is on the balance and the well-being of the dog, for him to maintain a natural state of mind.

You say the No. 1 thing a dog needs is exercise.

Exercise and mental challenge. Mental challenge is rules, bounds and limitations. If you don’t have rules, bounds and limitations, you do not know what is expected of you. Many people misinterpret discipline for punishment. Discipline actually helps to prevent you from making mistakes.

So if my kids follow what I say, they will be in good shape because I already went through it. I know what I’m talking about. I am going to set some rules, bounds and limitations. I am not punishing them. I am telling them to build a discipline so they know what to do and how to prevent unwanted things.

If a dog does not have rules, bounds and limitations, he is going to get into trouble. If he has rules, he will know how to be in society.

That is why people feel we need to ban certain breeds.

When you have ignorance and there is fear, the only thing you can think of is get rid of them, kill them. You are not getting rid of the problem. You get rid of the problem by making people aware of what they are doing wrong with their dogs.

When you love dogs, you love them all. You don’t selectively love some, otherwise you are more prejudiced than anything else.

Pittsburgh Post-Gazette

Cesar 911

(one hour) airs Fridays at 9 p.m. on Nat Geo Wild.